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15 September 2020: Clinical Research

Cluster Analysis of the Associations among Physical Frailty, Cognitive Impairment and Mental Disorders

Ljiljana Trtica Majnarić 12ACDEF , Sanja Bekić 34ABDEF* , František Babič 5CDEG , Ľudmila Pusztová 5CDE , Ján Paralič 5CDEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924281

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924281

Table 3 Distributions of pre-frail and frail individuals, and those with mild cognitive impairment, across the clusters.

Within clustersp-Value*All
% within a cluster55.3%31.7%0.0%0.0%41.4%
% within a cluster44.1%68.3%14.3%0.0%44.5%
% within a cluster0.6%0.0%85.7%100.0%14.1%
% within a cluster100,0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%
Education** Primary schoolN8178437
% within a cluster44.4%36.2%42.1%57.1%40.7%
High schoolN7269244
% within a cluster38.9%55.3%47.4%28.6%48.4%
Academic levelN342110
% within a cluster16.7%8.5%10.5%14.3%10.9%
HF – highly functional; CI – cognitive impairment; CF – cognitive frailty; PhyF – physical frailty.
* Pearson Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact test, where appropriate;
** MMSE cut-offs for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) adjusted for level of education levels in Croatian individuals aged ≥65 years set at ≤24 for education
*** Primary high academic education – HF (33.5% 56.0% 10.5%); CI (57.0% 35.0% 8.0%); CF (66.7% 28.6% 4.7%); PhyF (66.7% 33.3% 0%); All (44.1% 47.1% 8.8%); inter-cluster differences (Pearson Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact test and the Games-Howell post-hoc test): HF>CI, p=0.034; HF>CF, p=0.051; HF>PhyF, p=0.009.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750