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22 June 2021: Clinical Research

Cortical and Subcortical Brain Volume Alterations Following Endurance Running at 38.6 km and 119.2 km in Male Athletes

Rabia Hurrem Ozdurak Singin 1ABCDEFG , Serkan Duz 2ABCDEFG* , Murat Kiraz 3ACDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.926060

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e926060

Table 2 Differences in volume of cortical and subcortical structures before and after 38.6 km race in short-trail group.

Volume (cm3)Prerace (n=9)Mean±SD (Min–Max)Postrace (n=9)Mean±Sd (Min–Max)Zp
Brain total1252.70±57.98 (1182.5–1319.73)1287.07±55.13 (1204.15–1358.63)−1.3620.173
CSF268.41±75.12 (165.35–379.57)248.14±73.66 (148.66–372.86)1.5990.110
WM total538.03±38.68 (479.28–598.37)548.95±36.10 (484.24–592.32)−0.8890.374
GM total714.67±34.64 (663.14–756.92)738.12±33.75 (690.60–807.87)−2.3100.021*
Brainstem26.87±1.85 (24.08–29.57)27.26±2.05 (24.37–29.91)−1.5070.132
Cerebrum total1074.81±59.75 (1003.05–1146.76)1110.88±58.38 (1037.74–1189.61)−1.7180.086
Cerebrum WM477.64±37.35 (424.06–537.76)488.92±35.20 (429.38–533.32)−1.4810.139
Cerebrum GM597.17±33.82 (546.62–638.35)621.92±34.99 (571.20–690.21)−2.3100.021*
Cerebellum151.03±10.10 (141–173.60)148.98±10.71 (138.85–173.41)0.6520.515
Thalamus11.79±1.43 (9.5–13.81)12.336±1.07 (9.85–13.62)−1.6010.109
Caudate7.68±0.83 (5.85–8.57)7.67±1.02 (6.08–9.18)0.9490.342
Putamen8.86±0.92 (7.73–10.40)9.06±0.97 (7.94–10.76)−1.5430.123
Pallidus2.61±0.15 (2.35–2.81)2.69±0.18 (2.34–2.87)−1.1220.262
Hippocampus8.89±0.76 (7.77–9.92)8.95±0.61 (7.82–9.69)−0.0590.953
Amigdala1.93±0.22 (1.67–2.29)1.95±0.26 (1.54–2.28)−0.1780.859
Accubens0.65±0.17 (0.38–0.85)0.68±0.14 (0.43–0.89)−0.5350.593
* Significant differences at p
CSF – cerebrospinal fluid; GM – gray matter; WM – white matter.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750