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22 June 2021: Clinical Research

Cortical and Subcortical Brain Volume Alterations Following Endurance Running at 38.6 km and 119.2 km in Male Athletes

Rabia Hurrem Ozdurak Singin 1ABCDEFG , Serkan Duz 2ABCDEFG* , Murat Kiraz 3ACDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.926060

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e926060

Table 3 Differences in volume of cortical and subcortical structures before and after 119.8 km race in ultra-trail group.

Volume (cm3)Prerace (n=14)Mean±SD (Min–Max)Postrace (n=14)Mean±Sd (Min–Max)Zp
Brain total1259.37±100.41 (1105.79–1421.54)1274.74±102.25 (1128.13–1426.14)−2.2290.026*
CSF271.50±46.89 (211.20–368.41)272.82±51.45 (202.62–394.19)−0.0940.925
WM total550.58±49.54 (493.15–658.62)551.15±51.24 (467.51–659.81)−0.5340.594
GM total723.59±59.66 (635.6–824.10)738.12±33.75 (690.60–807.87)−2.8560.004*
Brainstem25.91±2.22 (23–29.89)26.07±2.25 (23.07–29.80)−1.5070.132
Cerebrum total1104.69±97.12 (963.51–1262.35)1110.88±58.38 (1037.74–1189.61)−2.0400.041*
Cerebrum WM493.78±48.74 (440.07–604.71)494.97±48.91 (422.67–605)−0.5960.551
Cerebrum GM595.99±352.12 (514.14–981.02)609.70±55.75 (522.80–706.86)−2.8560.004*
Cerebellum143.68±13.43 (123.37–168.98)143.97±13.75 (121.75–167.51)−0.3770.706
Thalamus11.96±1.44 (10.09–15.55)12.19±1.46 (10.2–15.83)−2.6060.009*
Caudate7.78±1.10 (6.48–10.45)7.92±1.19 (6.45–10.9)−2.0410.041*
Putamen9.09±1.57 (6.62–12.83)9.29±1.59 (6.65–13.13)−1.9170.055
Pallidus2.62±0.29 (2.27–3.45)2.71±0.32 (2.47–3.7)−2.6380.008*
Hippocampus8.75±0.94 (6.95–10.31)8.85±0.92 (7.09–10.46)−3.3050.001*
Amigdala1.89±0.25 (1.48–2.29)1.91±0.25 (1.55–2.34)−0.4200.672
Accubens0.74±0.14 (0.48–0.95)0.74±0.12 (0.51–0.93).0001.00
* Significant differences at p
CSF – cerebrospinal fluid; GM – gray matter; WM – white matter.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750