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23 September 2020: Clinical Research

Evaluation of Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression in Chinese Visiting Scholars in the United States During the COVID-19 Pandemic Assessed by Online Questionnaires

Yanjie Zhao 12ABE* , Ping Wang 3ADE* , Jiangping Wu 1BD , Ruibin Wang 4DF , Qingkun Song 5ACFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.926602

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e926602

Table 1 Relationships between subject characteristics and anxiety and depression scores.

Anxiety scorepDepression scorep
 ≤30 (n=52)5.506.750.0416.0011.500.524
 ≤40 (n=158)7.0010.008.0010.25
 >40 (n=101)
 Males (n=99)7.0010.000.8598.009.000.474
 Females (n=212)7.0010.007.0011.00
Marital status**
 Married (n=259)7.0010.000.0408.0010.000.910
 Unmarried (n=46)6.007.506.5011.25
The staying length in US since research visit*
 ≥12 months (n=82)8.5012.007.5012.25
The time to the end of research visit*
 ≥9 months (n=35)
 Science (n=94)
 Engineering (n=61)7.0010.007.008.00
 Medicine (n=63)
 Arts (n=93)7.0012.008.0014.50
Professional level*
 Junior (n=48)6.006.750.0136.0010.750.309
 Moderate (n=73)7.0010.006.009.00
 Sub-senior (n=158)
 Senior (n=32)8.0012.006.5012.75
Education level*
 Bachelor degree (n=36)5.506.250.1846.0010.750.883
 Master degree (n=69)7.0010.507.0012.50
 Doctor degree (n=216)7.0010.008.009.00
* Spearman correlation test,
** Mann-Whitney U test,
*** Kruskal-Wallis test.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750