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28 March 2022: Clinical Research

A Retrospective Study to Evaluate the Effect of Dynamic Fracture Mobility on Cement Leakage in Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Percutaneous Kyphoplasty in 286 Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Hu Ren AEF , Tao Feng AEF* , Jianhui Cao BC , Yaning Hu BCD , Dahai Yu CD , Shuo Pan BCD , Guangqing Yao EF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935080

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935080

Table 1 Univariate analysis of risk factors for cement leakage.

Leakage group (n=46)No leakage group (n=240)t/χ2P value
Age (years)71.93±8.4973.05±7.840.8720.384
Fracture duration (weeks)3.59±1.833.57±1.810.0550.956
Bone mineral density (T score)−3.48±0.57−3.50±0.550.2930.770
Dynamic fracture mobility
 Mobile35 (30.17%)81 (69.83%)
 Fixed11 (6.47%)159 (93.53%)28.699
Operative approach
 PVP32 (20.51%)124 (79.49%)
 PKP14 (10.77%)116 (89.23%)4.9880.026
Spinal segment of fracture
 Thoracic (T4–T10)1373
 Thoracolumbar (T11–L2)28146
 Lumbar (L3–L5)5210.2500.882
Peripheral vertebrae wall
 Damaged29 (49.15%)30 (50.85%)
 Undamaged17 (7.49%)210 (92.51%)60.226
Intravertebral cleft
 Exist26 (35.14%)48 (64.86%)
 No exist20 (9.43%)192 (90.57%)26.845
Cement volume injected (ml)5.17±1.244.16±1.494.330
Preoperative vertebral height (%)57.24±17.8559.56±18.830.7730.440
Preoperative kyphotic angle (°)17.07±14.7719.81±14.001.2090.228
PVP – percutaneous vertebroplasty; PKP – percutaneous kyphoplasty. Continuous variables were expressed as mean±standard deviation and were compared using the test. Categorical variables were expressed as counts and were analyzed using the χ test.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750