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09 July 2022: Meta-Analysis

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ágnes Rita Martonosi 123BCDEF , Piroska Pázmány 123BE , Szabolcs Kiss 123AD , Fanni Dembrovszky 3AF , Eduard Oštarijaš 3C , László Szabó 124ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937166

Table 2 Demographic characteristics of women with diabetes of the included studies.

StudyDefinition of diabetesNumber of patients (percentage of T2DM in%)Mean age (years) ±SDMean diabetes duration (years) ±SDMean BMI (kg/m2) ±SDHgA1c (%) ±SDDiabetes treatment number of patients with treatment (percentage in %)
Oral antidiabetic agentInsulinDiet and exercise
Al Timimi et al 202 0[]20 WHO (Alberti and Zimmet 1998) criteria# 71 (100%)62±1312.2±4.128.9±4.57NANANANA
Changxiao et al 2014 []21 ADA1640 (95)* 52.75±9.28.04±0.69NA6.8±1.871107 (67.5)384 (23.4%)103 (6.2%)
Galí et al 2015 []22 NA19 (100)63.1±10.011.9±5.228.8±2.39.1±2.611 (57.9%)8 (42.1%)0
Golabek et al 2012 []23 NA29 (89)53.84±16.0NANA6.05±2.38NANANA
Lee et al 2007 []24 NA47 (100)63.6±9.312.42±7.325.3±2.77.7±1.4NANANA
Løwenstein et al 2021 []25 NA31 (not reported)64.7±11.111.1±10.131.8±5.56.7 (6.4–7.2)*** 15 (47%)3 (9.7%)NA
Malik et al 2020 []26 NA96 (not reported)57.6±12.210.3±8.533.2±7.87.5±2.1NA13 (13%)NA
Shin et al 2016 []27 ADA92 (not reported)58.34±8.259.24±7.63NA7.27±1.43NANANA
Tai et al 2009 []28 NA272 (100)63.1±9.811.6±8.522.8±2.47.3±1.2234 (86%)16 (5.9%)4 (1.5%)
Yenilmez et al 2008 []29 NA45 (100)60.1±1.4§ 11.4±1.0** 28.8±0.8,** 7.3±0.3,** NA13 (35%)** NA
# Diabetes was defined according to Alberti et al 1998 (Alberti, K. G. M. M., Zimmet, P.Z. 1998 Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO Consultation. 15 (7): 539–553);
* Of 1640 patients, 918 had uroflow measurement and thus were included in the meta-analysis;
** Data of 37 diabetic women after uroflowmetry without major complication after the procedure;
*** Data presented as median, 25 percentile (first figure in the brackets), and 75 percentile (second figure in the brackets);
§ Data presented as mean and standard error.
ADA – American Diabetes Association; BMI – Body mass index; NA – not available data (not reported); SD – standard deviation; T2DM – type 2 diabetes mellitus; WHO – World Health Organization.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750