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09 February 2023: Clinical Research

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During the COVID-19 Pandemic

David Nugraha 12ABCDEF , Sovia Salamah 34ACEF* , Kevin Luke 12BE , Zefo Kiyosi Wibowo 12BCEF , Andro Pramana Witarto 12BE , Caesariska Deswima 12BE , Nabila Ananda Kloping 12BE , Bendix Samarta Witarto 12BE , Adila Taufik Syamlan 5AE , Abyan Irzaldy 6AE , Maftuchah Rochmanti 7DF , Dewi Ratna Sari 8DF , Sakina Sakina 8DF , Firas Farisi Alkaff 47ADEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e938892

Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression analysis for mental health problems.

VariablesDASS-21 N=718
DepressionAnxietyStress
AOR (95%CI)p valueAOR (95%CI)p valueAOR (95%CI)p value
 MaleRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Female1.75 (1.21–2.54)1.58 (1.10–2.26)
 NoRef.Ref.
 Yes0.65 (0.44–0.96)
 Full onlineRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Hybrid0.67 (0.48–0.94)0.0220.69 (0.49–0.97)0.033
 Full offline0.80 (0.19–3.39)0.7630.41 (0.11–1.57)0.191
0.65 (0.37–1.14)0.133
 3–3.5/4Ref.
 >3.5/40.43 (0.24–0.76)
 Never infectedRef.Ref.
 Asymptomatic-mild0.83 (0.55–1.25)0.372
 Moderate-severe5.87 (1.33–25.88)
 NoRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Yes1.72 (1.15–2.57)2.06 (1.29–3.29)1.60 (1.03–2.47)
 Never infectedRef.Ref.
 Self-isolation1.47 (1.04–2.09)
 Hospital1.26 (0.81–1.98)0.308
95% CI – 95% confidence interval; AOR – adjusted odds ratio; COVID-19 – coronavirus disease 2019; DASS-21 – 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750