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22 January 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Outcomes of Early, Elective, and Delayed Treatment for Lateral Condyle Fracture of the Humerus in Children: A Retrospective Study from a Single Center in Turkey (2013-2021)

Sait Anıl Ulus ORCID logo1ABCEF*, Şeyhmus Yiğit ORCID logo1ACDF, Emin Özkul ORCID logo1ACEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942728

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942728

Table 1 Patient demographics and perioperative parameters.

EarlyElectiveDelayedP value
Age, mean (range)5.1 (2–13)4.7 (2–13)5.1 (2–7)P=0.868a
Sex (female/male)16/4220/3212/18P=0.608b
Side (right/left)26/3224/2814/16
Time from injury to surgery (h)* 8 (5–12)23.5 (17.75–27)528 (504–648)P=0.000a
Time from hospital to surgery (h)* 6 (3–11)16.5 (13–18)24 (17–27)P=0.000a
Operative procedure (ORIF/CRPP)50/848/430/0
Surgical duration, mean±(min)72.4±2179.2±20.9103±28.3P=0.000c
Early vs electiveP=0.825d
Early vs delayedP=0.000d
Elective vs delayedP=0.006d
Incision length, mean±(cm)3.88±0.834.12±0.535.04±0.64P=0.000c
Early vs electiveP=0.656e
Early vs delayedP=0.000e
Elective vs delayedP=0.000e
Length of stay at, mean±(day)1.62±0.722.46±0.92.66±0.69
Complications
 Lateral prominence444
 Pin tract infection242
 Fishtail deformity24
 Avascular necrosis24
 Malunion/nonunion−/−0/22/0
 Cubitus valgus2
* Median (IQR);
a Kruskal-Wallis;
b Chi-square;
c One-way ANOVA between 3 groups;
d Bonferroni;
e test.
ORIF – open reduction internal fixation; CRPP – closed reduction percutaneous pinning.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750