Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

06 February 2024 : Clinical Research  

Arterial Stiffness and Ankle-Brachial Index – Cross-Sectional Study of 259 Primary Care Patients ≥50 Year-Old

Anna Kamieńska ORCID logo1ABCDEFG*, Aleksandra Danieluk ORCID logo1BCD, Marta Maria Niwińska ORCID logo1BC, Sławomir Chlabicz ORCID logo1ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942718

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942718



BACKGROUND: Lower-extremity arterial disease (LEAD) is the most common form of peripheral artery disease (PAD), and diagnosis relies on the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation between ABI and arterial stiffness parameters, specifically focusing on PWV. Additionally, we aimed to assess the correlation between PWV and established LEAD risk factors.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included primary care patients aged ≥50 years. Pulse wave velocity was measured with a Mobil-o-Graph Pulse Wave Analyzer (I.E.M. Germany). Two criteria defined abnormal PWV: 1) universal PWV threshold exceeding 10 m/s (uPWVt) and 2) surpassing an individualized threshold calculated by the device, accounting for sex, age, and blood pressure (iPWVt).

RESULTS: We assessed PWV in 266 individuals and both PWV and ABI in 259. Overall, 6/259 (2.3%) had a diagnosis of LEAD, 44/259(16.9%) had ABI <0.9, and 97/259 (37.5%) had PWV values above iPWVt. Among patients with Doppler ABI <0.9, 25/44 (56.8%) exhibited elevated iPWVt versus 72/215 (33.5%) in those with ABI ≥0.9 (P=0.003, r=0.18 Spearman’s correlation). Among patients with ABI <0.9 19/44 (43.2%) had PWV >iPWVt (P=0.003, r=0.18). We observed significant correlation between elevated PWV (both cutoffs) and hypertension (in both P=0.009, r=0.16) and PWV >uPWVt correlated with the presence of diabetes (P=0.004, r=0.18).

CONCLUSIONS: Elevated PWV correlates with abnormal ABI and some cardiovascular risk factors in primary care patients aged 50 and above. Use of individualized PWV thresholds, factoring in age, appears to be a preferable approach for assessment of arterial stiffness and early diagnosis of LEAD.

Keywords: Ankle Brachial Index, peripheral arterial disease, Primary Health Care

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911


In Press

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Review of the Evaluation of Pulmonary Hypoplasia as an Important Determinant of Clinical Outcomes in Infant...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943259  


19 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Accuracy of Ileocolic Artery and Vein Diameter for Acute Appendicitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943846  

23 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Early Mobilization in Pediatric Critical Care: Exploring the Gap Between Theory and Practice in Saudi Arabia

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942467  

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Enhancing Patient Adherence to Newly-Prescribed Medicine for Chronic Diseases: A Comprehensive Review and C...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942923  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750