01 May 2004
Cost-effectiveness of positron emission tomography for non-small cell lung carcinoma in CanadaJ. Scott Sloka, Peter Darroch Hollett, Maria Mathews
Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(5): MT73-80 :: ID: 11660
Background:Several studies over the past decade have demonstrated that 2-fluoro-2-D-[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is more accurate than computed tomography (CT) for the staging of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). This study uses quantitative decision tree modeling and sensitivity analysis to assess the cost-effectiveness of both a CT– and a CT+PET-based management strategy for staging NSCLC in Canada. Both management costs and life expectancy are determined.Material/Methods: Two patient management scenarios were compared – one using CT alone and one using both CT and PET. A survey of recent literature was used to construct a meta-analysis of available studies for the accuracies of CT and PET in staging NSCLC. Life expectancies were determined from recent Canadian statistics, and expected life expectancies with disease were calculated from knowledge of published survival rates. Management costs were determined from: estimates of the installation cost of PET facilities in Canada; management costs from our institutions; and recently published Canadian cost estimates of various procedures.Results: A cost savings of $1455 per person is expected for the CT+PET strategy, along with an increase in life expectancy (3.1 days), when compared with the CT alone strategy. This cost savings remained in favour of the CT+PET strategy when subjected to a rigorous sensitivity analysis.Conclusions: PET may be a cost effective means of staging NSCLC in Canada.
Keywords: Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - diagnosis, Decision Trees, Lung Neoplasms - diagnosis, Neoplasm Staging - methods, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, Emission-Computed - economics, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung - diagnosis, Decision Trees, Lung Neoplasms - diagnosis, Neoplasm Staging - methods, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, Emission-Computed - economics
01 May 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Twenty Years On from Sequencing the Human Genome, Personalized/Precision Oncology Prepares to Meet the Challenges of Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940911
28 May 2023 : Database AnalysisScientometric and Visualized Analysis of Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Magnetic Resonance Imaging: 1988-2021
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938715
25 May 2023 : Database AnalysisThe COVID-19 Crisis and the Incidence of Alcohol-Related Deaths in Poland
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940904
25 May 2023 : Review articleA Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies in Support of the Role of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940635
25 May 2023 : Clinical ResearchPeriapical Lesions and Missed Canals in Endodontically Treated Teeth: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Stud...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940533
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952