Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 November 2005

Serum retinol and total carotene concentrations in obese pre-school children.

Roseli Saccardo Sarni, Rosell Oselka Saccardo Sarni, Rejane Ramalho, Denise de Oliveira Schoeps, Cristiane Kochi, Priscila Catherino, Maria Carolina Pires Dias, Cristiane Ximenes Pessotti, Lilian de Queirós Mattoso, Fernando Basile Colugnati

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(11): CR510-514 :: ID: 430363

Abstract

Background: Obesity among pre-school children and its repercussions onadult life are growing problems, but there has been little research focusing on its relationship withthe deficiency of serum retinol and carotenoids in our region. Material/Methods: In a case-control study,a group of 46 preschool children, were matched by sex and age (23 obese and 23 non-obese subjects; averageage 5.74 and 5.76 years, respectively). Serum retinol and carotenoid levels were evaluated accordingto Underwood and Sauberlich. Other aspects evaluated included nutritional status using the weight/heightz-score (Obesity ZWH >/=2), serum levels of triglicerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and the VLDL-c,HDL-c, and LDL-c fractions, classified according to Kwiterovich. Results: Serum retinol insufficiencywas 18.2% vs. 6.7% (p=0.38) for cases and controls, respectively. Low carotenoid levels were found inthe obese in relation to the non-obese (82% vs. 26,6%, p=0,0054 and OR=12,4). No statistically significantdifference between the case and control groups was found for TC and cholesterol fractions, TG and retinol.The findings for the tested parameters were as follows: high TC (cases 30.4%, controls 21.7%; p=0.50),LDL-c (cases and controls 34.8%; p=0.50), low HDL-c (cases 17.4%, controls 26%; p=0.47), high TG (cases31.8%, controls 17.4%, p=0.65) and high VLDL-c (cases 21.7% and controls 8.7%; p=0.20). Conclusions:The association of obesity, hyperlipidemia and low serum level of carotenoids, which are essential toantioxidant protection, may be one of many factors predisposing obese children to a high risk of atherosclerosislater in life.

Keywords: Child, Case-Control Studies, Carotenoids - blood, Child, Preschool, Disease Susceptibility, Obesity - etiology, Vitamin A - blood

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Chinese Patients: A Retrospective Stu...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943681  

Clinical Research  

Effects of the Cold Pressor Test on Popliteal Vein Diameter, Flow Velocity, and Blood Flow in the Lower Lim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944560  

Clinical Research  

Outcomes of Anterior Lateral Approach and Gerdy's Tubercle Osteotomy for Tibial Plateau Fractures Involving...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943946  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,477,232

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,433,627

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,157

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,150

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750