04 May 2007
Epidemiology of childhood meningitis in KuwaitEntesar H. Husain, Faisal Al-Shawaf, Esmaeel Bahbahani, Mamdooh Hasab El-Nabi, Kamal Abo Al-Fotooh, Magdi Hilmi Shafiq, Nahid Al-Ateeqi, Mohamed Atef Abo Talib
Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(5): CR220-223 :: ID: 484601
Background: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was introduced as part of childhood routine immunization in Kuwait in 1996. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological, microbiological,
and clinical features of meningitis among children in Kuwait from 2001 to 2003.
Material/Method: A multicenter retrospective review of clinical records of otherwise healthy children hospitalized with a diagnosis of meningitis.
Results: A total of 172 children had a diagnosis of meningitis and had lumbar puncture during the study period. The median age was 8 months. The majority (67%) of the patients were less than 5 yeas of age. Eighty-six (50%) of the patients had aseptic meningitis and 19 (11%) had partially treated
meningitis. The remaining 67 (39%) were diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. The underlying organisms were: Neisseria meningitidis (49%), group B streptococci (18%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (18%), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (6%), Gram-negative organisms (6%), and Haemophilus species (1.5%). Twelve percent required admission to the intensive care unit. At the time of discharge from the hospital, 9% had neurological sequelae, the majority of which were in patients who had
S. pneumoniae meningitis. Two patients died during the study period.
Conclusions: N. meningitidis is the leading bacterial agent of bacterial meningitis in Kuwait. S. pneumoniae is responsible for the majority of neurological sequelae of bacterial meningitis in infants and young
children. The results of this study can be used in future public health planning in the context of the newly available vaccines.
Keywords: Child, Preschool, Child, Infant, Newborn, Kuwait - epidemiology, Meningitis, Meningococcal - epidemiology, Meningitis, Pneumococcal - epidemiology, Neisseria meningitidis
01 March 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968
09 February 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
10 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647
24 Mar 2023 : Database AnalysisCauses of Death Following Gastric Cancer Diagnosis: A Population-Based Analysis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939848
22 Mar 2023 : Special reportOne Year On: Poland’s Public Health Initiatives and National Response to Millions of Refugees from Ukraine
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940223
22 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchValue of IL-1β and IL-23 in Predicting 28-Day Mortality Due to Sepsis: A Retrospective Study
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940163
21 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchEfficacy of Direct Anterior Approach Versus Posterior Lateral Approach for Total Hip Replacement in Patient...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939682
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952