Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

14 July 2016 : Clinical Research  

The Ability of Precursory Monocytes (MO) to Differentiate Varies Among Individuals But Is Stable Over Time

Krzysztof LaudanskiABCDEFG, Mateusz ZawadkaCDEF, Natalia LapkoCDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898256

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2463-2470


BACKGROUND: The ability to generate dendritic cells (DCs) from precursory monocytes (MOs) was a breakthrough in the field of immunology. However, it is unknown whether the ability of MOs to differentiate into immature DCs (iDCs) differs across subjects or is time dependent. Given that the study of immune system function is gaining recognition in the field of clinical medicine, it is important to know how certain immunologic features vary over time.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study investigates how much individuals’ MO-to-iDC differentiation potential changes over time. We estimated this potential by measuring the expression of an iDC marker (CD1a), cytokine secretion (interleukin [IL]-12p70), and the ability of IL-4 and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) differentiation MOs to stimulate T cells. We collected MOs obtained from different subjects (n=17) at least 1 month apart. Furthermore, we investigated several variables (expression for cytokine receptors, timing, and emergence of DC-related transcriptional factor PU.1).

RESULTS: The ability of MOs to become DCs under the influence of IL-4 and GM-CSF varied greatly between individuals (range of CD1a expression, 20–80%) but was stable over time (change of CD1a expression between sampling, ~5%). A similar pattern emerged when production of IL-12p70 was analyzed. The ability to stimulate T cells was variable and depended on the T-cell source. The ability of MOs to become iDCs was not linked to the surface expression of receptors for IL-4 and GM-CSF but rather to the activation of PU.1 in the precursory MO. It took 5 days for all committed MOs to become iDCs under in vitro influence of IL-4 and GM-CSF.

CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that the potential of MO to become iDC is an individual feature and depends on activation of PU.1.

Keywords: Cell Differentiation - immunology, Antigens, CD1 - immunology, Cells, Cultured, Dendritic Cells - immunology, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor - immunology, Interleukin-4 - immunology, Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor - immunology, Macrophages - immunology, Monocytes - immunology, T-Lymphocytes - immunology

Add Comment 0 Comments

816 3


01 November 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Factors Driving New Variants of SARS-CoV-2, Immune Escape, and Resistance to Antiviral Treatments as the End of the COVID-19 Pandemic is Declared

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville,

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942960

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e942960


In Press

28 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Impact of Fluorodeoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography on Therapeutic Decisions and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942122  

28 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Long-Term Outcomes of Decompression and Grafting in Acute Pathological Proximal Femur Fractures in Children...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943031  

27 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Outcomes from Emergency Admissions to a Major Trauma Center in Turkey of 1646 Elderly Patient...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942916  

27 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluating Modified Ultrasound-Guided Serratus Anterior Plane Block for Enhanced Postoperative Recovery in ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942757  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750