Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

22 January 2019 : Clinical Research  

Is Sensorineural Hearing Loss Related to Chronic Rhinosinusitis Caused by Outer Hair Cell Injury?

Xi Lin1ABCDEF*, Xin Shan1BE, Shaolian Lin1B, Bo Shu1B, Yingge Wang1C, Wenhui Xiao1E

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912382

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:627-636

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by defects in the inner ear. In the present study, associations between chronic rhinosinusitis, outer hair cell injury, and sensorineural hearing loss were investigated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 103 patients who met the inclusion criteria were recruited and allocated into a chronic rhinosinusitis group (n=82) and a simple deviated nasal septum group (n=21). Degree and type of hearing loss, including distortion product otoacoustic emissions, were used to assess the status of cochlear outer hair cells.

RESULTS: The rate of hearing loss in the simple deviated nasal septum group was significantly lower than in the chronic rhinosinusitis group (4.76%, 1/21 vs. 24.39%, 20/82, P<0.05), among which 15 chronic rhinosinusitis patients (75%, 15/20) had hearing loss in the high frequency range. Acoustic stapedial reflexes were elicited in all patients of the 2 groups, while positive Metz was found in 3 chronic rhinosinusitis patients (15%, 3/20). The pass rate of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) for chronic rhinosinusitis patients was significantly lower than in simple deviated nasal septum patients (88.10% vs. 70.73%, P<0.05). Moreover, the signal-to-noise ratio of DPOAE test results at 704 Hz, 3991 Hz, and 5649 Hz in the chronic rhinosinusitis group were significantly lower than in the simple deviated nasal septum group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed a correlation between severity of chronic rhinosinusitis and sensorineural hearing loss (OR=1.39, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Outer hair cell injury and sensorineural hearing loss may have a common cause in chronic rhinosinusitis patients.

Keywords: Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer, Hearing Loss, Sensorineural, Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous, Adolescent, Audiometry, Pure-Tone, Auditory Threshold, Chronic Disease, Hearing Loss, Nasal Septum, Sinusitis, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

Animal Research  

Enhanced Bone Healing Through Systemic Capsaicin Administration: An Experimental Study on Wistar Rats

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942485  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Differential Inflammatory Responses in Adult and Pediatric COVID-19 Patients: Implications for Long-Term Co...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944052  

Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Shoulder Taping in Treating Hemiplegic Shoulder Subluxation: A Randomized Controlled Study...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944222  

Clinical Research  

Comparison of Fentanyl, Ketamine, and Lidocaine Combined with Propofol Anesthesia in Patients with Crohn Di...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944116  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750