Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

12 March 2019 : Laboratory Research

[Retracted: 25 Mar 2021] Morusinol Exhibits Selective and Potent Antitumor Activity Against Human Liver Carcinoma by Inducing Autophagy, G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest, Inhibition of Cell Invasion and Migration, and Targeting of Ras/MEK/ERK Pathway

Zhen Zhu1BDF, Tianyu Xiao1ADEF, Xuejiao Chang1DEF, Yanfei Hua1BCF, Jinli Gao1ACG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912992

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1864-1870

An editorial decision has been made to retract this manuscript due to breach of publishing guidelines, following the identification of non-original and manipulated figures. Reference: Zhen Zhu, Tianyu Xiao, Xuejiao Chang, Yanfei Hua, Jinli Gao: Morusinol Exhibits Selective and Potent Antitumor Activity Against Human Liver Carcinoma by Inducing Autophagy, G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest, Inhibition of Cell Invasion and Migration, and Targeting of Ras/MEK/ERK Pathway. Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1864-1870. 10.12659/MSM.912992

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers across the globe. The treatment is often difficult as it is diagnosed mostly at advanced stages. Moreover, the lack efficacious and less toxic drugs are another problem in the treatment of liver cancer. Against this background, in this study we evaluated the anticancer activity of morusinol against SK-HEP-1 liver cancer cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The proliferation rate of liver cancer cell line was investigated by MTT assay. Autophagy was detected by transmission electron microscopy and cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry. The protein expression was examined by Western blotting.

RESULTS: Morusinol inhibited the proliferation of liver cancer SK-HEP-1 cells, with an IC₅₀ of 20 µM against the SK-HEP-1liver cancer cells. Further investigations indicated that the antiproliferative effects of morusinol are due to initiation of autophagy and G2/M cell cycle arrest, which was also associated with altered expression of several important proteins. Morusinol also suppressed the migration and invasion of SK-HEP-1liver cancer cells, and it suppressed the expression of p-MEK and p-ERK, leading to suppression of the Raf/MEK/ERK signalling cascade.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that morusinol exerts significant anticancer and autophagic effects on liver cancer cells and our results suggest the potential of morusinol in treatment of liver cancer.

Keywords: Retracted Publication

Retraction note

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932335     https://medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/932335
 
  • Download PDF
  • Order reprints
  • Export Article
  • Related articles
  • Share by email
  • Metrics

923 0

Add Comment 0 Comments
Related Articles Metrics Order reprints Share article Share by email

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Surgical Outcomes of Popliteal Cyst Excision: A Retrospective Study Comparing Arthroscopic Debride...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941102  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750