Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

03 April 2019 : Animal Research  

Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills Ameliorates Doxorubicin-induced Cardiotoxicity in Mice via Enhancement of Cardiac Angiogenesis

Lijiang Wang1ABCDEF, Liyue Wang2AEF, Xiaoxia Zhou2AEF, Guoran Ruan2AEF, Guangyong Yang3ABCDG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915194

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2435-2444


BACKGROUND: Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills (QYDP) is a Chinese traditional medicine that has been applied to treat coronary heart disease and ischemic heart failure in China. However, few studies have explored whether QYDP exerted an effect on doxorubicin (Doxo)-induced cardiotoxicity. Hence, in this study we investigated the effect of QYDP on cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin (Doxo) and its potential mechanism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice (20–25 g, 8–10 weeks old) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: Control group, QYDP group, Doxo group, and QYDP+Doxo group. The mice were intraperitoneal injected with Doxo weekly for 4 weeks to mimic the chronic toxicity. Four weeks after Doxo injection, echocardiography was applied to evaluate the left ventricular (LV) function, and the structure of the cardiac muscle fibers was analyzed with anti-actinin-2 antibody staining by immunofluorescence. Moreover, TUNEL staining and western blot analysis of Bax protein, Bcl-2 protein, and cleaved caspase-3 protein expression levels were conducted to explore whether QYDP exerted effect on cardiac apoptosis. In addition, Masson trichrome staining and western blot analysis of α-SMA protein expression levels were used to evaluate whether QYDP exerted an effect on cardiac fibrosis. Western blots and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were applied to detect the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein and mRNA levels in the myocardial tissue, and anti-CD31 antibody staining by immunohistochemistry was employed to explore whether QYDP exerted an effect on cardiac angiogenesis.

RESULTS: QYDP effectively attenuated cardiac dysfunction and cardiac muscle fibers disruption in Doxo treated mice. Moreover, QYDP reduced myocardial apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis in Doxo treated mice, accompanied with elevated protein levels of VEGF and enhancement of myocardial microvessel density.

CONCLUSIONS: QYDP could protect against Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity, which may be closely associated with enhanced cardiac angiogenesis. Hence, QYDP could be a promising alternative for the treatment of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity.

Keywords: Angiogenesis Inducing Agents, Apoptosis, Doxorubicin, Fibrosis, Cardiomyopathies, cardiotoxicity, China, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Heart, Heart Diseases, Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myocardium, Myocytes, Cardiac, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A, bcl-2-Associated X Protein



12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365


16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Distribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Latency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

Review of the Long-Term Outcomes of Guided Bone Regeneration and Autologous Bone Block Augmentation for Ver...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937433  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750