Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

05 February 2020 : Clinical Research  

Biomechanical Comparison of 1-Level Corpectomy and 2-Level Discectomy for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Finite Element Analysis

Pengrong Ouyang12ABEF*, Jialiang Li1C, Xijing He1AD, Hui Dong1F, Quanjin Zang1C, Haopeng Li1D, Zhongmin Jin2AD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919270

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919270

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) are effective treatments for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), but it is unclear which is better. In this study, we compared the biomechanical properties of 2-level ACDF and 1-level ACCF.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: An intact C3–C7 cervical spine model was developed and validated, then ACDF and ACCF simulation models were developed. We imposed 1.0 Nm moments and displacement-controlled loading on the C3 superior endplate. The range of motions (ROMs) of surgical and adjacent segments and von Mises stresses on endplates, fixation systems, bone-screw interfaces, and bone grafts were recorded.

RESULTS: ACDF and ACCF significantly reduced the surgical segmental ROMs to the same extent. ACCF induced much lower stress peaks in the fixation system and bone-screw interfaces and higher stress peaks on the bone graft. ACDF induced much lower stress peaks on the C4 inferior endplate and equivalent stress on the C6 superior endplate. There was no difference in the ROMs of surgical and adjacent segments and the intradiscal stress of adjacent levels between ACDF and ACCF.

CONCLUSIONS: Both ACDF and ACCF can provide satisfactory spinal stability. ACDF may be beneficial for subsidence resistance due to the lower stress peaks on the endplate. The ACCF may perform better in long-term stability and bone fusion owing to the lower stress peaks in the fixation system and bone-screw interfaces, and higher stress peaks in the bone graft.

Keywords: Biomechanical Phenomena, Finite Element Analysis, Spinal Fusion, Bone Screws, Bone Transplantation, Cervical Vertebrae, Diskectomy, Motor Endplate, Range of Motion, Articular, Reproducibility of Results, spondylosis, Stress, Mechanical

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911

0:00

In Press

08 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Review of Approaches to the Management of Vertical Dental Root Fractures and Tooth Preservation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943100  

03 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Cervical Fascial Infiltration versus Periarticular Administration...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942044  

08 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Predictors of Mortality in Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Respiratory Status and Speech Disor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943288  

19 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Patterns and Outcomes of Traumatic Suicides: A Retrospective Study of 132 Patients Admitted to a Turkish Me...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943505  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750