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14 June 2020 : Database Analysis  

Prediction of MiR-21-5p in Promoting the Development of Lung Adenocarcinoma via PDZD2 Regulation

Shengjin Cui1ACDEG*, Shuang Lou1BE, Weiquan Guo1C, Shihui Jian2B, Yunfeng Wu1D, Xintong Liu1F, Xi Lan1F, Xingwang Jia1AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923366

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923366


BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma currently accounts for the highest cancer-related mortality rate worldwide. MiR-21-5p has a vital role in various types of cancers. We have analyzed the miR-21-5p expression level, prognosis, and associated molecular pathways in lung adenocarcinoma with multiple bioinformatics databases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was employed to fetch the miR-21-5p expression profile in multiple tumors. We used the UALCAN platform to assess the differential regulation of the miR-21-5p in healthy tissue and lung adenocarcinoma. Also, the survival prognosis of the miR-21-5p in each stage of lung adenocarcinoma was done by the Kaplan-Meier database. The STARBASE and UALCAN databases were employed to predict the miR-21-5p target genes, and the levels of target genes and their prognostic value were analyzed.

RESULTS: MiR-21-5p was overexpressed in the majority of human cancers. MiR-21-5p demonstrated escalated expression in the lung adenocarcinoma tissue in contrast to the normal tissue (P<0.05). Poor prognosis was witnessed in the miR-21-5p high expression group as compared to the low expression group (hazard ratio [HR]= 1.59, P<0.05). PDZD2 was predicted as a miR-21-5p potential target. We found a negative correlation between PDZD2 and miR-21-5p (r=–0.255, P<0.05). PDZD2 was downregulated in lung adenocarcinoma (P<0.05). Overexpression of PDZD2 was associated with a better prognosis of survival in lung adenocarcinoma patients (HR=0.45, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: MiR-21-5p exhibits the potential to act as a biomarker for the survival prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma. It might be responsible for the onset and progression of lung adenocarcinoma through PDZD2 regulation.

Keywords: PDZ Domains, Adenocarcinoma, Adenocarcinoma of Lung, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Databases, Factual, Databases, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models



01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357


26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

27 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Proposal for a Simple Equation for Limb Muscle Weight Calculation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938606  

26 Jan 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

20 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

A Study of 42 Partially Edentulous Patients with Single-Crown Restorations and Implants to Compare Bone Los...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939225  

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750