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02 January 2024 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Influenza Vaccine Uptake and Health Awareness: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-Based Study Among Medical Students and Healthcare Workers in Northern Vietnam

Nguyen Minh Chau ORCID logo1ABCDEF*, Thi Van Anh Nguyen1ABCDEF, Minh Nguyet To2B, Amr Sayed Ghanem ORCID logo1CDEF, Gergő Szőllősi1ACDEF, Marianna Móré3E, Attila Csaba Nagy1CDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941406

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e941406

Abstract

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BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza poses a significant global health concern. Despite the proven effectiveness of the influenza vaccine, its uptake remains low in Vietnam. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of medical students and healthcare workers on influenza vaccine uptake in northern Vietnam.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 585 participants from northern Vietnam institutions through an anonymous online survey via Google form from June to August 2022. The cut-off for a high level of knowledge and a positive attitude was set at 70% for each variable. Bivariate analysis was conducted to establish associations. Multiple binary logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with knowledge, attitude, and practice.

RESULTS: Among the participants, 463 (79.15%) were women, 354 (60.51%) were below 25 years old, 426 (72.82%) were of “Kinh” ethnicity, and 454 (77.61%) were single. Only 237 (40.51%) were vaccinated. Good knowledge and attitude were reported by 36.58% and 42.39% of the participants, respectively. Having a high level of knowledge was found positively associated with having a positive attitude (odds ratio 2.11 [1.48-3.01]). Kinh ethnicity was positively associated with knowledge (1.67 [1.12-2.49]) and attitude (1.97 [1.32-2.94]). Female participants displayed a more positive attitude (2.08 [1.33-3.25]). Several factors influenced the uptake, such as being single (2.07 [1.19-3.59]), being a medical doctor (2.34 [1.09-5.06]), and being advised by a healthcare provider (2.96 [2.00-4.37]).

CONCLUSIONS: A noticeable gap in knowledge and attitude related to influenza vaccine uptake was found among the target population. Tailored interventions are necessary to improve vaccination coverage.

Keywords: Awareness, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Influenza Vaccines, Primary Prevention, Vietnam

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750