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03 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Imaging in a Large Cohort

Ashraf Mohammed Alhumaidi1ABDE, Abdulrahman Ahmed Aseri2DFG, Manea Musa M. Alahmari3ACEG, Hafiz Ahmed Adawi4AEG, Khalid Aldhorae56AF, Thrya S. Gadah ORCID logo7DEG, Mohammed E. Sayed ORCID logo4ADE, Nasser M. Al Ahmari ORCID logo7EFG, Abdulelah Ali Daghriri8ADG, Abdulrahman H. Alzahrani ORCID logo9BDF, Mohammed M. Al Moaleem ORCID logo4CEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Available online: 2024-05-03, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The nasopalatine canal (NPC), or incisive canal, is located in the midline of the palate, posterior to the maxillary central incisors. Its anatomy is important in prosthetic dentistry procedures. This study aimed to assess the anatomical morphology of the NPC according to age, sex, and dental status using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in 335 patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
In this retrospective cross-sectional study, a total of 335 patients were recruited and categorized according to sex, age, and dental status. Individual CBCT images were analyzed in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes. Also, we recorded the dimensions and morphological shape of the NPC and adjacent buccal bone plate (BBP) under standardized conditions. The associations between sex, age group, NPC shapes and types, and presence of central incisors were assessed. A significance level was set at P<0.05.
RESULTS
Mean labio-palatal and mediolateral measurements of the incisive foramen were 5.13±1.45 mm and 3.21±0.96 mm, whereas the mean diameter of Stenson foramen was 2.57±1.25 mm, and the total length of the NPC was 11.79±2.50 mm. Funnel, Y, and round-shaped canals were the most prevalent shapes of the NPC in sagittal, coronal, and axial planes. BBP was greater in men, with P=0.011, P=0.000, and P=0.001 at BBP1, BBP2, and BBP3, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
NPC and BBP parameter values were slightly higher among male patients. NPC parameters increased with older age. The crest width of BBP decreased with older age and after missing maxillary central incisor teeth.

Keywords: Age Groups; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Gender Identity

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750