Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

10 June 2024 : Animal Research  

The Impact of Repeated Steam Sterilization Cycles on the Efficacy of Chairside Adjustment Kits for Polishing Monolithic Multi-Layered Zirconia Dental Restoration Material

Mohammed E. Sayed ORCID logo1ABEFG*, Honey Lunkad ORCID logo1ABEFG, Enas Jaber Mohana ORCID logo2BCDEF, Sara Ahmad Mesawa ORCID logo2BCDEF, Fatimah Ibrahim Dowairi ORCID logo2BCDEF, Emad Aldeen A. Alharbi ORCID logo2BCDEF, Hayat Ali Hakami ORCID logo3BCEF, Hossam F. Jokhadar ORCID logo4ACDEG, Nasser M. Alqahtani ORCID logo5ACDEF, Abdullah Hasan Alshehri ORCID logo5CDEFG, Ebrahim Fihaid Alsubaiy ORCID logo5CDEFG, Saeed M. Alqahtani ORCID logo5ACDEF, Nagam Mohammed Mohsen ORCID logo6CDEG, Mohammed H.D. Al Wadei ORCID logo7CDEG, Khurshid Mattoo ORCID logo1ACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944502

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944502



BACKGROUND: Before insertion, chairside adjustment kits are heat sterilized for positioning and polishing dental restorations. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of 2 steam sterilization cycles on the efficacy of polishing highly translucent monolithic zirconia (HTMLZ) dental restoration material.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 100 HTMLZ disc-shaped specimens were adjusted (grinding, finishing, polishing) with EVE Diacera kit. Two steam sterilization techniques [standard (Gp S), immediate/flash (Gp (F)] of CAK were further subgrouped based on number of sterilization cycles [cycle 1 (control), cycle 5, 10, 15, and 20 (experimental)] (n=10 each). Each subgroup accordingly was evaluated for average surface roughness (Ra) and root mean square roughness (Rq) using a profilometer. Mean and standard deviation of 5 subgroups were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA/post hoc Tukey’s test. Scanning electron microscopy complemented Ra, Rq measurements. Statistical differences of P≤0.05 were considered significant.

RESULTS: HTMLZ specimens in both groups showed increased (Ra/Rq) values after repeated sterilization of EVE Diacera kit, with Gp F showing lesser increase than Gp S (20 cycles). Gp F at 10 cycles and Gp S at 15 cycles showed clinically unacceptable roughness threshold (0.25 μm). Differences between subgroups for Ra and Rq values were significant (P≤0.05) with less differences within groups observed in early cycles (1, 10). Results validate the manufacturer’s recommendations of using flash sterilization/10 cycles for EVE Diacera kit.

CONCLUSIONS: Repeated sterilization reduces efficacy of chairside adjustment kit to produce smooth surfaces on HTMLZ. This study recommends flash sterilization to a maximum of 10 times to get the clinically acceptable results of Ra and Rq.

Keywords: Denture, Partial, Fixed, Disinfection, Steam, Sterilization, Yttria Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Trust and Support for Cancer Research Biobanks: Insights from Cancer Patients in Poland

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944263  

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  

Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,421,178

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,355,487

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,090

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,113

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750