eISSN: 1643-3750


Acute myocardial infarction in a patient with severe unrecognized mitral stenosis.

Gani Bajraktari, Siada Kastrati, Rexhep Manaj, Idriz Berisha, Sherif Thaqi, Arton Beqiri, Shpend Elezi

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(3): CS24-26

ID: 447114

Published: 2006-03-01

Background: Acute myocardial infarction is a rare complication of mitralstenosis. Acute myocardial infarction in the setting of severe unrecognized mitral stenosis has not beendescribed. Case Report: A 47-year-old-woman was admitted to our department for chest pain typical ofmyocardial infarction. Electrocardiogram showed ST segment elevation in leads II, III, and aVF and atrialfibrillation. Creatine kinase level was elevated to 268 U/L. The diagnosis of acute myocardial infarctionof the inferior wall was established. The patient reported breathlessness after physical exertion overthe last 2 years; however, she had not sought medical help and was unaware of her heart disease. Transthoracicechocardiography showed severe mitral stenosis (surface mitral valve area

Keywords: Anti-Arrhythmia Agents - therapeutic use, Humans, Hydrochlorothiazide - therapeutic use, Metoprolol - therapeutic use, Middle Aged, Mitral Valve Stenosis - ultrasonography, Myocardial Infarction - diagnosis, Nadroparin - therapeutic use, Simvastatin - therapeutic use, Time Factors, Follow-Up Studies, Fibrinolytic Agents - therapeutic use, Analgesics - therapeutic use, Anticholesteremic Agents - therapeutic use, Anticoagulants - therapeutic use, Aspirin - therapeutic use, Atrial Fibrillation - diagnosis, Diuretics - therapeutic use, Echocardiography, Transesophageal, Electrocardiography, Female, Treatment Outcome