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Increasing contribution of China in modern biomedical research. Statistical data from ISI Web of Knowledge

Gregory C. Makris, Alex Spanos, Petros I. Rafailidis, Matthew E. Falagas

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(12): SR15-21

ID: 878261

Published: 2009-12-01

Background: China is one of the most rapidly developing countries with a huge population spreading on a chaotic area. For centuries Chinese medicine was based on tradition, religion and experience. However, the last two decades under the pressure of globalization Chinese medicine is turning gradually to evidence-based medicine, contributing in international biomedical research.
Material and Method: A bibliometric analysis through the ISI Web of Knowledge was performed. We collected data regarding the amount of Chinese publications in different biomedical fields, the presence of Chinese authors in high impact international journals, the contribution of China's universities in research and finally the number and the quality of local Chinese journals, which have entered the ISI database.
Results: According to ISI database a significant increase occurred in both the quantity and quality of the Chinese biomedical publishing activity. This was indicated by the major rise in the amount of published papers, the average augmentation of citations per paper and the constantly increasing presence of Chinese researchers in top medical journals. Chinese institutions appeared also more productive and local journals gained more representation in the ISI database.
Conclusions: China's contribution in biomedical research really blossomed after 1990 and especially after 2000. The extent of this contribution may not be proportional to the total research activity performed in China, but it is this part of knowledge that becomes exported and interacts with the rest of the international research activity, promoting research potential in biomedicine.

Keywords: Humans, Internationality, History, 21st Century, History, 20th Century, Evidence-Based Medicine - trends, Developing Countries, Databases, Factual, China, Biomedical Research - trends, Academies and Institutes, Medicine, Chinese Traditional - trends, Publishing - trends