H-Index
70
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
Clarivate
Analytics
Formerly the IP & Science
business of Thomson Reuters

Logo




eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Reduction of CD55 and/or CD59 in red blood cells of patients with HIV infection

Evangelos Terpos, Angelos Sarantopoulos, Anna Kouramba, Olga Katsarou, John Stavropoulos, Stavroula Masouridi, Anastasia Karafoulidou, John Meletis

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(5): CR276-280

ID: 855754


Background: Anemia is a common feature in HIV infection. An increased sensitivity of lymphocytes from HIV patients to lysis by complement has been correlated with a decreased expression of CD55 and CD59 in their surface. The aim of this study was to evaluate CD55/CD59 presence in red cells of HIV patients and explore possible correlations with clinical parameters.
Material and Method: CD55/CD59 expression was evaluated in erythrocytes of 37 patients (30M/7F, median age: 39 years) with HIV infection (25 also having hemophilia), 121 controls, and 8 PNH patients using the sephacryl-gel microtyping system. Ham and sucrose tests were also performed.
Results: Anemia was present in 14/37 (37%) HIV patients. Interestingly, all HIV patients had deficient CD55 and/or CD59 erythrocytes: 8 (21%) for both CD55 andCD59 and 29 (78%) isolated CD55 and/or CD59 negativity. Deficient erythrocytes did not account for more than 10% of the total in the vast majority of patients. In controls, only 2 (1%) had red cells with double CD55/CD59 negativity and 3 (2%) had isolated deficiency. All PNH patients had a simultaneous CD55/CD59 deficiency. Positive Ham and sucrose tests were found only in PNH. There was no correlation between the presence of deficient CD55/CD59 erythrocytes and anemia, hemolysis, antiretroviral therapy, CD4+ counts, viral load, or concomitant hepatitis C infection in HIV patients.
Conclusions: This study provides evidence supporting the presence of erythrocytes with CD55 and/or CD59 deficiency in HIV. Further studies using molecular techniques will be required to clarify the exact role of this deficiency in HIV patients.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree