eISSN: 1643-3750


Get your full text copy in PDF

Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Regulates Transforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition via Decreased Pyruvate Kinase M2 (PKM2) Expression in Cervical Cancer Cells

Ke-yan Cheng, Min Hao

(Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2017-2028

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.901542

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in cancer tumorigenesis. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) can induced EMT, which could increase tumor migration and invasion. Moreover, recent studies have been proven that mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a critical regulator of EMT. We investigated the mechanisms of mTOR in transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced EMT in cervical cancer cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: HeLa and SiHa cells were treated with 10 ng/ml TGF-β1 to induce EMT. Then, they were treated with or without rapamycin. CCK8 assay was performed to determine cell proliferation. Cell migration was detected by wound-healing assay; apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry; mTOR inhibitors inhibited mTOR pathway to assess the expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin STAT3, Snail2, p-p70s6k, and PKM2 expression.
RESULTS: TGF-β1 promoted proliferation and migration, and attenuated apoptosis in cervical carcinoma cells. Rapamycin abolished TGF-β1-induced EMT cell proliferation and migration and reversed TGF-β1-induced EMT. E-cadherin were suppressed, whereas Vimentin and PKM2 were increased in HeLa and SiHa cells after stimulation with TGF-β1. Moreover, mTOR was activated in the process of TGF-β1-induced EMT. Rapamycin inhibited the phosphorylation of p70s6k. Furthermore, inhibition of the mTOR pathway decreased PKM2 expression.
CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of the mTOR pathway abolished TGF-β1-induced EMT and reduced mTOR/p70s6k signaling, which downregulated PKM2 expression. Our results provide novel mechanistic insight into the anti-tumor effects of inhibition of mTOR.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree