Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

02 July 2004

Comparison of pulsatile and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Onurcan Tarcan, Mehmet Ali Özatik, Arzum Kale, Ahmet Akgül, Mustafa Kocakulak, Mustafa Balci, Akif Ündar, Deniz Suha Kucukaksu, Erol Sener, Oguz Taşdemir

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(7): CR294-299 :: ID: 11691

Abstract

Background:Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have an increased risk of mortality and morbidity after open-heart surgery. This is mostly due to a dysfunction of the pulmonary system during and after non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass. The purpose of this study was to compare the pulsatile and non-pulsatile blood flows during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Material/Methods:This is a prospective study. Ten patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had open-heart surgery with pulsatile flow, and another 9 patients with non-pulsatile flow. We compared clinical, hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological parameters and arterial and venous blood gases before initiating cardiopulmonary bypass, at aortic cross-clamping and de-clamping, and 1 and 24 hours postoperative.Results:In the pulsatile flow group, systemic vascular resistance at the time of aortic cross clamping (p=0.041), pulmonary vascular resistance 1 hour postoperative (p=0.05), and the percentage of neutrophils 1 hour postoperative (p=0.034) were significantly lower than those of the non-pulsatile group. Though white blood cell count was significantly high in the pulsatile group 1 hour postoperative, absolute neutrophil count was significantly low (p=0.034). The postoperative mechanical ventilation period was significantly shorter in the pulsatile flow group (p=0.016).Conclusions:Pulsatile blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass has a favorable influence on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who have high risk in open-heart surgery.

Keywords: Blood Gas Analysis, Blood Pressure, Cardiopulmonary Bypass - methods, Hemodynamic Processes, Leukocyte Count, Postoperative Care - methods, Postoperative Care - statistics & numerical data, Postoperative Care - utilization, Prospective Studies, Pulmonary Circulation - physiology, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - blood, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - surgery, Pulsatile Flow, Vascular Resistance, Blood Gas Analysis, Blood Pressure, Cardiopulmonary Bypass - methods, Hemodynamics, Leukocyte Count, Postoperative Care - utilization, Prospective Studies, Pulmonary Circulation - physiology, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - surgery, Pulsatile Flow, Vascular Resistance

0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Vision Correction and Corneal Thickness at 180-Day Follow-Up After Femtosecond Laser-Assisted...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939099  

30 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Splenic Artery Steal Syndrome in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Retrospective Clinical Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938998  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750