Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

02 July 2004

The role of pancreatic stellate cells and cytokines in the development of chronic pancreatitis

Agnieszka Mądro, Krzysztof Celiński, Maria Słomka

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(7): RA166-170 :: ID: 11692


Chronic pancreatitis is a disease whose pathomechanism has not yet been fully explained. Some progress has been made in recent years, however, mainly due to the identification and description of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). In 1998 Bachem observed that the vitamin A-storing cells present in the pancreas, when subjected to activation, transformed into myofibroblasts capable of producing collagens I and II and fibronectin, which contributes to fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis. The development of chronic pancreatitis also seems likely to be affected by the cytokines, among other things, as a result of repeated PSC activation. The current literature provides more and more data suggesting that cytokines play an important role in the regulation of inflammation and fibrosis in CP. A major role in the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis is attributed to interleukin 1, 6, 10, tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1). All these factors have pro- and anti-inflammatory effects, and act simultaneously. Their effects on PSCs can be synergistic, antagonistic or complementary. Further comprehensive studies are needed to determine precisely the role of the individual cytokines and PSCs, as well as their relationships. However, the present state of our knowledge suggests that repeated episodes of AP and thus exposure to increased cytokine secretion may contribute to persistent chronic activation of PSCs, resulting in pancreatic fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis.

Keywords: Chronic Disease, Cytokines - physiology, Pancreas - cytology, Pancreas - metabolism, Pancreas - pathology, Pancreatitis - etiology, Pancreatitis - immunology, Pancreatitis - metabolism, Pancreatitis - pathology, Chronic Disease, Cytokines - physiology, Pancreas - pathology, Pancreatitis - pathology

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  

Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750