Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

02 July 2004

Eradication of HIV in infected patients: Some potential approaches

Quan-en Yang

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(7): RA155-165 :: ID: 11708

Abstract

Although at present, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has greatly reduced the number of viral copies to an undetectable level and has slowed down the progress of the disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the HIV-infected cells are not eradicated by this therapy. Virus replication rebounds once the drug therapy is terminated, regardless of duration of the therapy, primarily due to the establishment of a viral reservoir. Therefore, viral suppressive therapy is a lifelong task and may be accompanied by many as yet unidentified serious side effects. In addition, the maximum therapeutic benefits of HAART appear to have been reached recently in the U. S, and the incidences of multi-drug resistant viral strain infections are slowly but steadily increasing. Without an effective vaccine, which has already proved to be very difficult to develop, for the protection of the uninfected population and a feasible eradication strategy to cure infected patients, the number of HIV-infected persons will inevitably continue to rise. While the vast majority of endeavors are focused on developing new drugs that target different steps of HIV replication for suppressive therapy, researchers need to find a therapeutic strategy that directly aims at HIV-infected cells to cure the disease. In this article, I review and discuss some potential approaches to eradicate HIV-infected cells from the patients.

Keywords: Anti-HIV Agents - therapeutic use, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Bone Marrow Transplantation - immunology, Clinical Trials, Gene Therapy, HIV - physiology, HIV Infections - immunology, HIV Infections - therapy, HIV Infections - virology, Immunotoxins - pharmacology, Immunotoxins - therapeutic use, RNA, Small Interfering - pharmacology, RNA, Small Interfering - therapeutic use, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic - immunology, Transplantation, Homologous, Virus Latency - drug effects, Virus Latency - physiology, Virus Replication - drug effects, Virus Replication - physiology, Anti-HIV Agents - therapeutic use, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Bone Marrow Transplantation - immunology, Clinical Trials as Topic, genetic therapy, HIV - physiology, HIV Infections - virology, Immunotoxins - therapeutic use, RNA, Small Interfering - therapeutic use, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic - immunology, Transplantation, Homologous, Virus Latency - physiology, Virus Replication - physiology

0 Comments

Editorial

01 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937927

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927

In Press

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

A 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331  

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Hemoglobin/Red Blood Cell Distribution Width Ratio in Peripheral Blood Is Positively Associated with Progno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937146  

05 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Study of 98 Elderly Patients with High-Risk Lateral Femoral Wall Intertrochanteric Hip Frac...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936923  

04 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Radiological Assessment of Prevalance and Quality of Periapical Status of Endodontic Treatments

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936569  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750