01 October 2004
Asymptomatic atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Risk modified by ability to adapt to stressful situations. Results from prospective cohort study “Men born in 1914”, Malmö, SwedenLena Andre-Petersson, Bo Hedblad, Lars Janzon, Gunilla Steen
Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(10): CR549-556 :: ID: 11781
Background:The purpose of this study was to investigate whether different behaviors in a stressful situation modify the risk of atherosclerosis in association with a myocardial infarction, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality. Many individuals have atherosclerotic changes in their arteries but may never experience any symptoms nor develop cardiovascular disease. A myocardial infarction is caused by a disruption of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque. The mechanisms that trigger these events are not fully understood, but among the proposed agents is psychological stress. A differential in risk exposure could be expected since individuals differ in their ability to cope with stressful situations.Material/Methods: In the prospective cohort study “Men born in 1914”, atherosclerosis was noninvasively studied in the peripheral, carotid, and coronary arteries at a baseline examination in 1982/83. The serial Color Word Test, which is a semi-experimental way to assess how individuals adapt in a stressful situation, was administered at the same examination. Participants were followed-up regarding incidence of myocardial infarction and mortality until December 31 1996.Results: Atherosclerosis was associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (relative risk (RR) 2.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52 to 5.74) and cardiovascular mortality (RR 3.31; 95% CI 2.08 to 5.28) during follow-up only among the men who showed maladaptive behavior. No excess risk could be established in men with an adaptive behavior pattern.Conclusions: The serial Color Word Test can assist in identifying men at high cardiovascular risk.
Keywords: Adaptation, Psychological - physiology, Adaptation, Psychological - physiology, Arteriosclerosis - pathology, Cohort Studies, Incidence, Risk Factors, Stress, Physiological - physiopathology, Sweden - epidemiology
01 June 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209
08 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchRisk Factors for New Vertebral Compression Fracture After Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation: A Retrospect...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940134
08 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchA Nomogram for Identifying HR+/Her2- Breast Cancer Patients with Positive Sentinel Lymph Nodes and Omitted ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940124
08 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchBurden of COVID-19 on Mental Health of Resident Doctors in Poland
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940208
08 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchRisk Prediction for Rapidly Progressive Interstitial Lung Disease in Anti-MDA5-Positive Dermatomyositis: Th...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940251
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952