Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

20 May 2004

The follow-up study of infants with congenital hydrocephalus

Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Jerzy Wojculewicz, Jerzy Szczapa, Krzysztof Preis, Iwona Janczewska

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(2): 97-101 :: ID: 11838


Background: Congenital hydrocephalus is the cause of heavy mental and physical handicap in children. Technical advances in sonography have facilitated the diagnosis of hydrocephalus in utero. The aim of the study was to follow the further development of children born with hydrocephalus. Material/Methods: We performed a follow-up study of 30 infants born with congenital hydrocephalus between 1991 and 2001, in the Department of Obstetrics of the Medical University of Gdafsk. The analyzed group consisted of children who lived until the end of the observation period (till 28.02.2003). We analyzed the fetal age at diagnosis, the time of delivery and mode of delivery. Newborn’s clinical charts were reviewed for the newborn’s state after birth, birth weight, head circumference and the presence of clinical symptoms of hydrocephalus. We analyzed the cause of death, shunt placement after birth and status of living infants.Results: In the period of 1991–2001 the 22.534 births took place. Hydrocephalus was diagnosed in 30 newborns born alive or dead. Its’ incidence was 1.2 per 1000 of all births. Eighteen (60%) newborns were delivered vaginally and 12 of them (40%) by cesarean section. Nineteen (63.3%) newborns were born at term and 11 (36.7%) – before term. In 26 cases (86.6%) hydrocephalus was diagnosedin utero. Six children (20%) were still born. By the end of the observation period, 18 (60%) children died and 6 (20%) children survived. Factors influencing the rise of risk of death in these children were prematurity, the presence of other central nervous system malformations or that of other organs. In the group of 6 children that survived until the end of the study, 2 of them had not and the other four had present neurological abnormalities ranging from severe (paralysis and incontinence) to minimal defects.Conclusions: Congenital hydrocephalus is still associated with high newborn’s and older children’s death rate. The presence of other malformations of central nervous system, as well as of the other organs, has a negative impact on the survival rate of children with hydrocephalus.

Keywords: congenital malformation, fetal hydrocephalus, newborn



01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580


19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

03 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865  

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750