01 April 2005 : Original article
Eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori in dyspeptic patients.Mohsen Amini, Hossein Khedmat, Fatemeh Yari
Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(4): CR193-195 :: ID: 15883
BACKGROUND: The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (HP) is dependent on several bacteriologic and geographic variables. Multiple-drug regimens have been tried in order to eradicate HPi; however, the optimal drug has not yet been found. MATERIAL/METHODS: In this single-blind, randomized clinical trial, 245 dyspeptic patients with positive rapid urease tests or positive cultures for HP were entered in the study and randomly treated with one of 3 drug regimens A, B, or C for 14 days. Each regimen was administered to 76 patients. Regimen A consisted of omeprazole 20 mg bid + bismuth subcitrate 120 mg 2 tab. bid + metronidazole 250 mg 2 tab. bid + tetracycline 250 mg 2 cap. bid. Regimen B consisted of omeprazole 20 mg bid + bismuth subcitrate 120 mg 2 tab. bid + furazolidone 100 mg 2 tab. bid + tetracycline 250 mg 2 cap. bid. Regimen C consisted of omeprazole 20 mg bid + bismuth subcitrate 120 mg 2 tab. bid + ciprofloxacin 500 mg bid. A urea breath test was performed 1-2 months after eradication. RESULTS: Of the 245 patients, 228 completed their treatment course. 57% were male and 43% female. Eradication rates were 76.3%, 68.4%, and 67.1% in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P=0.05). The eradication rate of drug regimen A was greater than B in males (86% vs. 63%; p
Keywords: Ciprofloxacin - therapeutic use, Dyspepsia - microbiology, Organometallic Compounds - therapeutic use, Tetracycline - therapeutic use, Urea - analysis, Analysis of Variance, Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use, Breath Tests, Ciprofloxacin - therapeutic use, Drug Therapy, Combination - therapeutic use, Dyspepsia - microbiology, Furazolidone - therapeutic use, Helicobacter Infections - therapy, Helicobacter pylori - isolation & purification, Metronidazole - therapeutic use, Omeprazole - therapeutic use, Organometallic Compounds - therapeutic use, Single-Blind Method, Tetracycline - therapeutic use, Urea - analysis
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