Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

18 June 2002

Atherosclerosis risk factors in children and adolescents with or without familyhistory of premature coronary artery disease.

Roya Kelishadi, Sedigueh Asgary, Nasrollah Bashardoust, Gholam Ali Naderi, Nizal Sarraf Zadegan

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(6): CR425-429 :: ID: 420814


BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery disease (CAD) becomes symptomaticmuch later in life, the early identification and modification of risk factors may reduce its later incidence.MATERIAL/METHODS:100 subjects 2-18 years old, evenly divided by sex, were randomly selected from among children of patientssuffering from premature myocardial infarction (<55 years); the controls were 100 age- and sex-matched subjects without a similar family history. In the Pediatric Preventive Cardiology Clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, the subjects completed a special questionnaire consisting of anthropometric data, blood pressure, skinfold thickness, rate of physical activity, and active or passive cigarette smoking. Fasting venous blood was analyzed for serum lipids, lipoproteins fibrinogen, and apolipoproteins A1 and B100. The data were analyzed with SPSS V6/win using the independent t-test, Kruskal-Wallis, chi-squared, and standard linear multiple regression tests.
Results: The data showed higher prevalence of some major and new risk factors in the experimental group than in the controls. The mean total cholesterol, LDL-C, TG, fibrinogen and Apo B100 were significantly higher in the experimental group, while the mean values of HDL-C and Apo A1 were significantly lower. The differences in terms of Body Mass Index, percentage body fat, rate of regular physical activity, and active and passive smoking were not significant between groups.
Conclusions: Major and new CAD risk factors should be identified and modified as early as possible in children with high family risk by screening and health education at an early age.

Keywords: Adolescent, Arteriosclerosis, Child, Child, Preschool, Coronary Arteriosclerosis, Iran, Prevalence, Risk Factors

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Database Analysis  

Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) as a Predictor of Short-Term Mortality Risk in Sepsis-Associated A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943414  

Clinical Research  

Morphological Variations of the Nasopalatine Canal in the North Cyprus Population: A Cone Beam Computed Tom...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944868  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   2,131,100

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,555,090

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,471

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,389

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750