Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

22 February 2002

High affinity glutamate uptake in rat brain slices at experimental crush syndrome.

Garegin Marouchyan, Guevork Kevorkian, Varduhi Knaryan, Ludmila Arakelyan

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(2): BR75-79 :: ID: 420943


BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of crush syndrome is severe traumatic damageto the organism accompanied by shock and stress, acute toxemia, etc. Glutamate has been shown to be implicatedin excitotoxic neural death in various clinical settings. The high affinity glutamate uptake processplays a key role in normal synaptic transmission. The goal of our research was to determine the levelof glutamate uptake in brain tissue slices after incorporation of [(14)C-U]glutamate. MATERIAL/METHODS:An experimental model of crush syndrome in Wistar male rats was caused by 2 hours of compression of femoralsoft tissues using a special press with a force of 100 kg/1 kg of animal weight. Slices were preparedand glutamate uptake was assayed immediately after compression, and again at 2, 24, and 48 hours of decompression.RESULTS: The level of glutamate uptake in cerebral cortex and hypothalamus slices immediately after compressionwas reduced by 24% (p<0.05) and 31% (p<0.005) respectively. Glutamate uptake in cerebral cortex and hypothalamus was nearly at the same level as the intact group of animals (without compression). In cerebellum slices, glutamate uptake also increased, and in fact exceeded the level in the intact group by 17% (p<0.025). The level of glutamate uptake decreased in cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, and cerebellum slices by 45% (p<0.001), 28% (p<0.001,) and 25% (p<0.001) respectively, compared to the intact group of animals.
Conclusions: Experimental crush syndrome promotes the reduction of the glutamate uptake level in brain tissue slices, such that cerebral cortex > hypothalamus > cerebellum.

Keywords: Brain, crush syndrome, Glutamic Acid, in vitro, Rats, Wistar

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,964,783

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,542,370

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,428

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,342

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750