Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2003

Relationship of clinical features and laboratory parameters to thyroid echogenicity measured by standardized grey scale ultrasonography in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Uwe Schiemann, Wolfgang Avenhaus, Jan Konturek, Reinhold Gellner, Karin Hengst, Manfred Gross

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(4): MT13-17 :: ID: 4690

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis is associated with a diffuse reduction in thyroid echo levels. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of hypoechogenicity in correlation to clinical features and laboratory parameters. MATERIAL/METHODS: 52 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis under substitutive therapy with levothyroxine (50-200 g daily) and 100 normal euthyroid volunteers (with no features of autoimmune disease who were not taking any thyroid medication) as controls were investigated. Determination of plasma free thyroxine (FT4) and TSH as well as peroxidase- (TPO), thyroglobulin- and TSH receptor (TSH-R) antibodies were performed. Thyroid volume was measured by conventional ultrasonography. Tissue echogenicity was characterized by standardized grey scale ultrasonography under defined operating conditions. Mean densities were given in a histogram range of grey scales between 0-63 GWE (= Grauwerteinheiten). RESULTS: Patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis revealed significantly lower echo levels (19.6+/-2.6 GWE) than controls (25.6+/-2.0 GWE, p<0.001). High graded hypoechogenicity was associated with large goiters, persistently increased TSH levels (subclinical hypothyroidism) and highly elevated TPO-antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: Standardized grey scale ultrasonography allows for reproducable correlations between functional status and morphological characteristics of the thyroid gland in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The results hint at a stronger inflammatory process in higher grades of hypoechogenicity.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism - pathology, Receptors, Thyrotropin - blood, Thyroiditis, Autoimmune - drug therapy, Thyroiditis, Autoimmune - ultrasonography, Thyrotropin - blood, Thyroxine - blood

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

07 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Clinical Trials: A Questionnaire-Based Study of 179 Male Third- and Fourt...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943468  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750