Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 December 2006

Does the inactivation of leukocytes in blood transfusions during and following liver transplantation by gamma-irradiation have an impact on rejection and infection rate?

Rudolf Ott, Michaela Bussenius-Kammerer, Thomas Reck, Constanze Hering, Volker Müller, Jutta Riese, Christian A. Koch

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(12): CR514-520 :: ID: 469537

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Leukocytes transmitted in blood products exert a variety of immunological side-effects. Experience with bone marrow transplant recipients has shown that these can be induced even by very few cells. In liver transplant recipients, who usually receive large amounts of blood products, the effects of transfused leukocytes with regards to the rates of rejection and infection have not yet been investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty liver transplant recipients were prospectively randomized to receive blood products (red blood cells, thrombocytes, fresh frozen plasma) through a leukocyte depletion filter, either irradiated with 40 Gy or not irradiated (10 patients, respectively). During the observation period of 90 days, the incidences of infections and rejections were analyzed. In addition, liver function tests, markers of infection (C reactive protein, lipopolysaccharide binding protein), and subpopulations of lymphocytes (total cell count, CD4/CD8 ratio, CD8CD45RO) were determined. RESULTS: Only one episode of mild rejection occurred (irradiated group). Rates of persistent graft dysfunction and severe infections were similar in both groups. The same applied to liver function tests, parameters of infection, and subpopulations of lymphocytes. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results suggest that irradiation of already leukocyte-depleted blood products may not be necessary and beneficial in liver transplant recipients.

Keywords: Blood Transfusion, Gamma Rays, Graft Rejection - etiology, Infection - etiology, Leukocyte Reduction Procedures, Liver Transplantation - immunology, Prospective Studies, T-Lymphocyte Subsets - immunology

0 Comments

Editorial

15 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Metabolic (Dysfunction) Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)-Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Debate: A Forced Consensus and The Risk of a World Divide

Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Ming-Hua Zheng, Takumi Kawaguchi, Shiv K. Sarin
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation and Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938080

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938080

In Press

12 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Pathogen Spectrum in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis: A S...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937112  

11 Aug 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Optimal Surgical Treatment Method for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937118  

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750