Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2003

Peroxisomal function is altered during leishmania infection.

Bikramjit Raychaudhury, Shouvik Banerjee, Salil C. Datta

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(4): BR125-129 :: ID: 4705

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate host peroxisomal properties after leishmania infection and provide clues to protect peroxisomes during the search for new chemotherapeutic strategies against leishmaniasis. MATERIAL/METHODS: To assess host peroxisomal properties after leishmania infection, we determined catalase, urate oxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase (DHAPAT) and proteinase activities in peroxisomes purified by the nycodenz gradient technique. Spectrophotometric analysis of superoxide radical release and assays of palmitoyl Co-A oxidation were also conducted. SDS-Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and electron microscopy studies were carried out to monitor the status of this microbody after parasite RESULTS: Liver peroxisomes were found to be functionally defective when purified after infection. The activities of catalase, urate oxidase, DHAPAT and SOD were either deficient or could not be detected after parasite infection. H[sub]2[/sub]O[sub]2[/sub] producing peroxisomal ß-oxidation was significantly elevated after 90 days of infection, with concomitant induction of superoxide radical production. Proteolytic activity in infected liver peroxisome was found to be inhibited, pointing to possible uneven processing of peroxisomal proteins. Electron microscopic studies revealed that the morphology of peroxisomes after leishmania infection was impaired. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence obtained for leishmania-induced peroxisomal dysfunction may provide clues to develop new drugs against this parasite, capable of protecting normal function of this ubiquitous host organelle for successful treatment.

Keywords: Leishmania donovani - isolation & purification, Leishmaniasis, Visceral - metabolism, Leishmaniasis, Visceral - pathology, Peroxisomes - enzymology, Peroxisomes - metabolism, Peroxisomes - ultrastructure, Urate Oxidase - metabolism

0 Comments

Editorial

01 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937927

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927

In Press

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

A 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331  

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Hemoglobin/Red Blood Cell Distribution Width Ratio in Peripheral Blood Is Positively Associated with Progno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937146  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750