Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

17 March 2003

Surgery, surgical education and surgical diagnostic procedures in the digital era.

Wojciech M. Wysocki, K. Thomas Moesta, Peter M. Schlag

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(3): RA69-75 :: ID: 4714


Computers have quickly proven to be an essential part of routine, everyday clinical work. New disciplines are being developed: telesurgery (surgery at a distance), computer- and robotic-aided surgery, image-guided surgery, medical teleconsultations, postoperative telefollow-up, etc. What are the future directions of computer-aided medicine? The digital revolution in medicine, which we are currently witnessing, is leading towards the development of new surgical treatment modalities, toward surgical simulation and improved surgical teaching. The old surgical teaching rule, 'See one, do one, teach one' promulgated by Halsted is fading into history. There are new diagnostic tools expanding the available diagnostic modalities and turning their results into a more comprehensible form. Neural networks are being successfully introduced into differential diagnostics. The capacity of human hands is being increased by telemanipulation and movement downscaling. The cost of useful applications of computers is in many cases not as high as might be expected. Analogue telephone lines are often good enough for telemedical purposes, which is particularly important for developing countries. We review the current status of computer-aided surgery. It is presumed that surgery in the future will rely on computers to a much larger extent than today. All surgery will be to some extent computer-aided, or even completely robotic, but it can never be performed without human professional guidance, supervision and control.

Keywords: Computer-Assisted Instruction - trends, Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical - trends, Remote Consultation - trends, Robotics - trends, Surgery - trends, Surgery, Computer-Assisted - trends

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Surgical Outcomes of Popliteal Cyst Excision: A Retrospective Study Comparing Arthroscopic Debride...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941102  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750