Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 March 2007

Recurrent brief depression and personality traits in allergy, anxiety and premenstrual syndrome patients: A general practice survey

W. Robert Williams, Jonathan P. Richards, Jamal R.M. Ameen, Julie Davies

Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(3): CR118-124 :: ID: 475537


Background: Recurrent brief depression (RBD) is a common disorder, poorly characterised in clinical studies. Some problems associated with the diagnosis and treatment of RBD may be improved if patients are easier to identify. This study investigates the distribution of RBD and personality types within three common syndromes.
Material/Methods: A survey of adult patients in one general practice. Patients with anxiety, PMS or an allergy condition (n=1094) were screened for exclusion criteria, including depression. Of the study sample (n=384) 159 patients were interviewed. RBD patients were identifi ed by DSM-IV criteria. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to categorise RBD (symptom scores of at least moderate severity) and RBD-res (milder symptoms) patients. Trait anxiety and personality dimensions were measured with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Eysencks’ Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-R).
Results: In the syndrome groups, 40% of anxiety or PMS patients and 21% of allergy patients had a recurrent problem with brief depression, with half reporting symptoms of at least moderate severity. Patients with brief depression showed syndrome specifi c symptom and impairment differences for sleep, cognition, medication and suicide ideation. There were signifi cant differences in the distribution of STAI, neuroticism (N) and extraversion (E) scores between patients in the RBD and no depression categories. In the anxiety group, high STAI or N scores, and low E scores identifi ed all patients with RBD.
Conclusions: This study reveals a substantial burden of RBD in a practice population who were not receiving treatment nor consulting for depression. Trait scores were useful markers of RBD in patients with an anxiety condition.

Keywords: Anxiety - complications, Depression - complications, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Health Surveys, Hypersensitivity - complications, Personality, Premenstrual Syndrome - complications, Questionnaires

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Database Analysis  

Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) as a Predictor of Short-Term Mortality Risk in Sepsis-Associated A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943414  

Clinical Research  

Morphological Variations of the Nasopalatine Canal in the North Cyprus Population: A Cone Beam Computed Tom...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944868  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   2,131,100

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,555,090

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,471

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,389

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750