Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 March 2007

The effect of electrical stimulation on a normal skin blood flow in active young and older adults

Abdul-Majeed Al Malty, Jerrold Petrofsky

Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(4): CR147-155 :: ID: 480305

Abstract

Background:Electrical stimulation (ES) shows promising results in increasing healing of decubitus ulcers. Recent studies show that skin blood flows (SBFs) are enhanced if the subject is exposed to a warm environment during treatment. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if blood flow would increase with ES in a physically active older population without wounds in a warm environment.
Material/Methods:Twenty-two healthy physically active males were divided into a young group (YG) (N=15, age= 32.1±8.3 years) and an older group (OG) (N=8, age= 64.5±6.2 years). ES (30 Hz, pulse width 250 µsec and maximum current of 15 mA) was applied on the right thigh for 15 minutes with the subject in a thermoneutral (25±0.5°C) and a warm (35±0.5°C) environment on two days. Skin blood flow was monitored by Laser Doppler Imager. Tympanic temperature, sweat rates, and skin temperatures were monitored on the forehead, chest, and both thighs during the experiment to assess autonomic stress.
Results:The skin temperatures and sweat rates were significantly higher in the YG than OG in the warm environment, with no differences found in the thermoneutral environment. In the warm environment, the SBFs were significantly different between pre, during, and post ES in both groups, and no difference was found between the two groups in either environment.
Conclusions:The environment temperatures modulate the SBF response to ES. Global heat improves the SBF response to ES in non wounded skin in active young and old groups.

Keywords: Body Temperature, California, Electric Stimulation, Laser-Doppler Flowmetry, Regional Blood Flow - physiology, Skin - blood supply

0 Comments

Editorial

01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

27 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Proposal for a Simple Equation for Limb Muscle Weight Calculation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938606  

26 Jan 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

20 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

A Study of 42 Partially Edentulous Patients with Single-Crown Restorations and Implants to Compare Bone Los...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939225  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750