Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 December 2002

The influence of sex hormones on circulating nitric oxide (NOx) levels in rhesus monkeys (Macaca Mulatta).

Omid Khorram, Ricki J. Colman, Joseph W. Kemnitz, Ronald R. Magness, Jian Zhang, Zhi Yao, Evan T. Keller

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(12): BR489-495 :: ID: 4821

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effects of long-term estrogen (E2) replacement therapy (ERT) on circulating and bone marrow total plasma nitric oxide (NOx) levels were determined in rhesus monkeys. In addition changes in circulating NOx during the menstrual cycle were measured. MATERIAL/METHODS: We measured NOx levels in 20 ovariectomized animals and 27 cycling animals. In the first group monkeys were ovariectomized (OVX; n=10) and treated with estrogen implants for 21 months. The control group (n=10) was OVX and received vehicle implants only. After 21 months systemic NOx status was measured. In a second group of cycling animals NOx was measured during the follicular and luteal phases, and correlated with body composition parameters determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Replacement of estrogen in OVX monkeys resulted in reduced circulating but not bone marrow plasma NOx compared to OVX monkeys. Circulating NOx levels in these animals correlated negatively (r(2)= -0.35; P=0.03) with estradiol levels. In cycling monkeys luteal levels of NOx were found to be significantly higher than follicular levels and correlated negatively (r(2) = -0.4; P=0.036) with estradiol but not progesterone levels. Negative correlations between NOx levels and body weight, fat and lean mass were also found. RESULTS: Long-term ERT influences systemic NOx levels in a negative fashion without effects on bone marrow plasma NOx. Circulating NOx was higher during the luteal phase. In both ERT treated and cycling monkeys estradiol correlated negatively with NOx suggesting the existence of a negative feedback of NO on either NOS activity or expression.

Keywords: Menstrual Cycle - blood

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Functional Outcomes of Therapeutic Selective Nerve Root Block for Single-Segment Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943634  

Clinical Research  

Shortening Oral Simethicone-to-Colonoscopy Interval Increases Bowel Preparation Quality

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943972  

Clinical Research  

Comparative Evaluation of Digital Cephalometric Tracing Applications on Mobile Devices and Manual Tracing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944628  

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,801,647

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,532,330

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,353

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,289

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750