Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 November 2006

Antibiotic-resistance patterns and frequency of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in Tehran

Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi, Gelavizh Etemadi, Davood Yadegarinia, Marveh Rahmati, Shiveh Shabanpoor, Saeed Bokaei

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(11): BR362-365 :: ID: 484684


Background: Extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae have caused major therapeutic problems worldwide since the majority are resistant to various antibiotics. In this study, an investigation was conducted regarding antibiotic-resistant patterns of 128 isolates of K. pneumoniae cultured from Iranian patients at two teaching hospitals during 2004-2005.
Material/Methods: The susceptibility of isolates to 21 antimicrobial agents was determined using the disk diffusion method. Disks containing ceftazidime, cefotaxime, ceftazidime/clavulanic acid, and cefotaxime/clavulanic
acid were used in the phenotypic confi rmatory (PCT) method to detect ESBL isolates. A comparison between the confi rmatory method and double-disk synergy test (aztreonam, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid) was also made to assign the appropriate
method of detection for ESBLs. The E-test was used to determine the susceptibility of isolates to cefepime.
Results: All strains were susceptible to imipenem and meropenem. Resistance to ciprofl oxacin and gentamicin were found in 37% (n=47) and 33% (n=42) of isolates, respectively. Production of ESBL was detected in 44.5% of isolates. Resistance to cefepime was found in 40% of isolates.
Conclusions: The prevalence of ESBL strains in the study hospitals is high. The double-disk synergy method is not preferable in successfully detecting ESBL strains. More importantly, 33% of ESBL strains were also resistant to ciprofl oxacin and aminoglycosides. Based on the laboratory results, it is recommended that prescription of cephalosporins be restricted to susceptible isolates and that the usage of other effective antibiotics be considered.

Keywords: Anti-Infective Agents - pharmacology, Cephalosporins - pharmacology, Ciprofloxacin - pharmacology, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Gentamicins - pharmacology, Imipenem - pharmacology, Iran, Klebsiella pneumoniae - metabolism, Thienamycins - pharmacology, beta-Lactamases - metabolism

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

07 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of AVN-Induced Proximal Pole Scaphoid Nonunion Using a Fifth and Fourth Extensor Compartmental Ar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944553  

16 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Efficiency of ACR-TIRADS Score for Differentiating Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules of Vario...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943228  

08 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Individualized PEEP Guided by Driving Pressure on Diaphragm Function in Patients Undergoing Lapar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944022  

21 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Impact of Serum Vitamin D, B6, and B12 and Cognitive Functions on Quality of Life in Peri- and Postmenopaus...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943249  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750