Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

Lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis: immune system and autoimmunity

Anna Šedivá, Robert Lischke, Jan Šimonek, Jakub Tkaczyk, Věra Vávrová, Jana Bartošová, Petr Pohunek, Jiřina Bartůňková, Pavel Pafko

Med Sci Monit 2001; 7(6): CR1219-1223 :: ID: 508083

Abstract

Background: In the current study we focused on changes in the immune parameters of patients with CF after lung transplantation (Tx), with particular emphasis on the interaction of the immune system, infection, the autoimmune phenomenon observed in some CF patients, and immunosuppression.
Material and methods: Seven transplant patients with CF were investigated, 3 men and 4 women; the average age at Tx was 24.2 years (20.2–32.3). The parameters of both humoral immunity (immunoglobulins, complement, CRP, antinuclear and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies) and cellular immunity (T and B lymphocytes, NK cells) were traced.
Results: We observed marked initial hyperimmunoglobulinemia, with a sharp drop in immunoglobulin levels within 1 month after Tx. Positivity for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) was found in 3 patients before Tx. A strong ANCA positivity persisted 2 months after Tx despite deep introductory immunosuppression. In one patient ANCA positivity, after a transient negative result at months 2 and 12 after Tx, reappeared one year after Tx. The Burkholderia cepacia infections found in 2 patients proved to be lethal.
Conclusion: In our series of CF lung transplant recipients, we found Burkholderia cepacia infection to be a risk factor. The robust appearance of autoantibodies and their persistent positivity for many months despite deep immunosuppression is a remarkable feature observed in some CF patients.

Keywords: Lung Transplantation, Cystic Fibrosis, Autoantibodies

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Trust and Support for Cancer Research Biobanks: Insights from Cancer Patients in Poland

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944263  

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  

Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,421,178

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,355,487

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,090

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,113

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750