Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

Association between abnormal microbiological flora of the lower genital tract in early pregnancy and socio-economic, demographic and environmental risk factors

Małgorzata Wasiela, Wojciech Hanke, Jarosław Kalinka

Med Sci Monit 2001; 7(6): CR1250-1255 :: ID: 508139

Abstract

Background: The main aim of this study was to determine the socioeconomic, demographic and environmental factors which may be associated with the occurrence of pathological microflora of the lower genital tract in early pregnancy.
Material and methods: A group of 96 pregnant women was selected at random from the patients of 10 district maternity units in the Lodz region of Poland. Only singleton pregnancies below 24 weeks were qualified for inclusion in the survey. A standard questionnaire covering medical, socio-economic, demographic, constitutional, and environmental items was administered to every subject and checked against medical records. Based on microbiological results, two groups of pregnant women were distinguished: Group I, with normal cervicovaginal flora, predominantly Lactobacillus spp. with coagulase-negative staphylococci and viridans streptococci, and Group II, with abnormal flora. The latter included two subgroups: IIA, intermediate microbial flora, dominated by M. hominis, U. urealyticum, G. vaginalis, gram-negative anaerobic rods, Ch. trachomatis, and few Lactobacillus spp, and IIB, highly abnormal flora, containing similar microbial components as in IIB but without Lactobacillus spp.
Results: Based on the results of microbiological culturing, 18 (18.7%) of the 96 women examined were classified to Group I, and 78 (81.2%) to Group II: 32 (33.3%) in group IIA and 46 (47.9%) in IIB. Groups IIA and IIB were combined for further analysis. An excessive risk of abnormal vaginal flora was observed in connection with such socio-economic factors as marital status, unemployment, and smoking, Moreover, the first pregnancy was also found to be a potential risk factor for this pathology. The risk of developing abnormal vaginal flora, although exceeding unity for each of these factors, was not considered statistically significant.
Conclusions: Socio-economic and environmental factors may influence the course and outcome of pregnancy. Pregnant women who present with risk factors for abnormal cervicovaginal microflora should be included in comprehensive prenatal surveillance, which enables early detection and treatment of this pathology.

Keywords: bacterial vaginosis, Risk Factors, bacterial infection, Pregnancy

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

04 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Injury-Admission Time is an Independent Risk Factor for Deep Vein Thrombosis in Older Patients with Osteopo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943587  

0:00

04 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of the Interrater Reliability of Sonographic Measurements of Muscle Thickness of 38 Piriformis M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943720  

0:00

05 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Analysis of Transoral Endoscopic Parathyroidectomy Vestibular Approach and Focused Open Surgery...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944128  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Muscular Function Recovery from General Anesthesia in 132 Patients Undergoing Surgery with Acceleromyograph...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942780  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750