Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

Frequency, consequences and pharmacological treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in children with cystic fibrosis

Jacek Brodzicki, Maria Trawińska, Maria Korzon

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(7): CR529-537 :: ID: 510715

Abstract

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) may aggravate chronic bronchopulmonary diseases. The study evaluated GER frequency and characteristics in children with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) as well as its consequences and pharmacological treatment.
Material/Methods: 40 CF children aged 1.3 to 20 years were examined. The study methodology involved: medical files analysis, anamnesis, physical examination, growth status estimation, esophageal pHmetry and upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy with histological examination of esophageal biopsies.
Results: Based on pH-metry results, the diagnosis of GER was established in 22 children (55%). Mild GER (Index Reflux – IR 5–10%) was found in 12 children (54.5%), moderate GER (IR 10–20%) in 7 (31.8%) and severe GER (IR>20%) in 3 (13.6%). Ten patients with moderate or severe GER underwent endoscopy, which revealed GER-related esophagitis in 8 cases. There was no statistical difference of GER frequency and degree according to: age, sex, growth status, presence of type ΔF508 mutation in CFTR genome and typical GERD symptoms. According to the ESPGAN proposition, cisapride or cisapride with ranitidine medication was instituted. Treatment analysis was performed in 19 cases after successful follow-up examinations carried out three months later, indicating a significant decrease in reflux index, the longest episode duration and the number of episodes longer than 5 minutes. Improvement of endoscopic picture was noticed after treatment.
Conclusion: High frequency of gastroesophageal reflux and its consequences among children with cystic fibrosis, as well as the possibility of well-tolerated and efficient treatment of GER, indicate that diagnostics of GER among children with CF should be obligatory.

Keywords: Gastroesophageal Reflux, Cystic Fibrosis, children

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Chinese Patients: A Retrospective Stu...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943681  

Clinical Research  

Effects of the Cold Pressor Test on Popliteal Vein Diameter, Flow Velocity, and Blood Flow in the Lower Lim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944560  

Clinical Research  

Outcomes of Anterior Lateral Approach and Gerdy's Tubercle Osteotomy for Tibial Plateau Fractures Involving...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943946  

Clinical Research  

Improving Function and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain, Tension-Type Headache, and Forwa...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944315  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,494,766

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,476,009

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,201

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,159

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750