Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 January 2008

Effect of short-duration electrically induced tachycardia on regional myocardial contractility

Amparo HernandizABCDEF, Juan A. Cosin-AguilarADEF, Amparo AguilarBEF, Jose Luis DiezCDF

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(1): BR20-27 :: ID: 636057


Tachycardia is a physiological mechanism for adapting cardiac output to modifications in energy consumption in the organism. The repercussions that short-duration tachycardia has on myocardial contractility have not been sufficiently studied.
To study the effects of short-duration tachycardia on regional myocardial function in the anterior face of the left ventricle depending on the rate, duration, and origin of the electrical stimulation producing the tachycardia.
Material and Method
Two series were studied in an in vivo canine experimental model. Stimulation was performed in the right atrium and in the base of the left ventricle at a frequency 20 and 40% above the basal rate. The duration of each pacing episode was 10, 20, and 40 minutes followed by a recovery period of 40 minutes. ECG, left ventricular pressure, and regional function curves of a myocardial segment were studied.
During atrial pacing there was a similar decrease in both regional segment lengths (end-systolic and end-diastolic lengths) and no variation in the shortening fraction or in hemodynamic parameters. During ventricular pacing, systolic pressure in the left ventricle decreased, end-diastolic pressure increased, end-diastolic length shortened (meaning less ventricular filling), and the end-systolic length increased, leading to a reduced shortening fraction or regional contractility alteration which was temporarily maintained once pacing ceased.
The transient persistence of segment dysfunction after induced ventricular tachycardia ceases indicates the activation of a different, unknown mechanism.

Keywords: Ventricular Function, Left - physiology, Myocardial Contraction - physiology, Tachycardia, Ventricular - physiopathology, Electric Stimulation, Dogs, Time Factors, Cardiac Output

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Trust and Support for Cancer Research Biobanks: Insights from Cancer Patients in Poland

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944263  

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  

Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,421,178

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,355,487

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,090

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,113

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750