Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 February 2008

Long-term improvement of insulin sensitivity during CPAP therapy in the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

Simin Pour SchahinABCDEF, Thomas NechanitzkyBC, Christian DittelBC, Florian S. FuchsBCD, Eckhart G. HahnAD, Peter C. KonturekDE, Joachim H. FickerABCDEF, Igor A. HarschABCDEFG

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(3): CR117-121 :: ID: 836576


We recently demonstrated that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy rapidly improves insulin sensitivity within 2 days in non-diabetic patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. In these very patients we investigated whether this improvement of insulin sensitivity is maintained during long-term CPAP therapy.
Material and Method
After a mean of 2.9 years (963+/-98 days) of CPAP treatment, these patients were reevaluated and hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp studies were performed in those with regular and effective CPAP treatment.
From the initial 31 patients 16 could be reevaluated. 4 patients did not use their devices regularly (CPAP usage <2.5 h/night), 2 patients had insufficient CPAP treatment (AHI > or =10/h). One patient had developed type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the remaining 9 patients who used their devices regularly and effective (mean CPAP usage 5.2+/-1.6 h/night, mean AHI 3.3+/-2.6/h), mean insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was significantly higher than the baseline ISI established 2.9 years before (10.6+/-7.0 vs. 6.3+/-5.6 micromol/kg x min; p=0.008). At baseline 7 out of 9 patients had an impaired fasting glucose, after 2.9 years of treatment 3 out of 9 patients still had an impaired fasting glucose. The mean body mass index (BMI) had remained unchanged (31.4+/-7.8 vs. 31.4+/-7.6 kg/m2; mean individual difference -0.02+/-1.9 kg/m2).
OSA is a risk factor for impaired insulin sensitivity. CPAP treatment, when used regularly and with effective pressure, may improve insulin sensitivity over long time.

Keywords: Sleep Apnea, Obstructive - therapy, Insulin Resistance - physiology, Continuous Positive Airway Pressure - methods, Body Mass Index, Blood Glucose - analysis

Add Comment 0 Comments

573 15


01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209


In Press

08 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors for New Vertebral Compression Fracture After Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation: A Retrospect...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940134  

08 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

A Nomogram for Identifying HR+/Her2- Breast Cancer Patients with Positive Sentinel Lymph Nodes and Omitted ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940124  

08 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Burden of COVID-19 on Mental Health of Resident Doctors in Poland

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940208  

08 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Prediction for Rapidly Progressive Interstitial Lung Disease in Anti-MDA5-Positive Dermatomyositis: Th...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940251  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750