01 August 2008
Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(8): CR423-426 :: ID: 865793
Prenatal exposure to tobacco can have significant effects on infants. The objective was to investigate whether maternal smoking affects the size of the thymus.
Material and Method
A group of 50 pregnant women who smoked throughout pregnancy and a control group of 92 non-smoking pregnant women were studied. The full-term newborn babies' length, weight, and head circumference were measured. The size of the thymus was assessed by sonography during the first six hours of life in both the study group and the control group newborns.
The results of the anthropometric measurements in respect of length (50.36+/-2.27, 50.15+/-1.40 cm, p=0.51), weight (3.43+/-5.13, 3.57+/-4.38 kg, p=0.07), head circumference (34.47+/-1.22, 34.57+/-0.93 cm, p=0.62), and head circumference/weight ratio ((9.94+/-1.40, 9.79+/-1.16 cm/kg, p=0.50) were not significantly different between the patient and control groups, respectively. The thymic index (Ti) and thymic index/weight ratio (Ti/w) of the newborns of the smoking group were lower than in the controls (8.70+/-5.80 vs. 13.26+/-5.46, p<0.001 and 2.47+/-1.55 vs. 3.69+/-1.43, p<0.001, respectively). Moreover, the birth weight, head circumference/weight ratio, Ti, and Ti/w of the newborns of those smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day were significantly lower than those smoking less than 10 (3.08+/-0.55 vs. 3.58+/-0.45, p<0.001; 10.65+/-1.84 vs. 9.67+/-1.11, p=0.03; 5.95+/-4 vs. 10.25+/-6.12, p=0.01; and 1.82+/-1.08 vs. 2.84+/-1.66, p=0.02, respectively).
These results show that smoking while pregnant has a significant effect on the general involution of the newborn and size of the thymus, which plays an important role in the immune system.
Keywords: Term Birth, Smoking, Pregnancy, Organ Size, Infant, Newborn, Thymus Gland - growth & development, Case-Control Studies
01 August 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927
10 Aug 2022 : Review articleProgrammed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766
10 Aug 2022 : Database AnalysisUse and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557
08 Aug 2022 : Clinical ResearchA 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292