Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

02 October 2008

Methylation of the MGMT and p16 genes in sporadic colorectal carcinoma and corresponding normal colonic mucosa

Lukasz KrakowczykABDEF, Joanna Katarzyna StrzelczykABDEF, Brygida AdamekBDE, Marzena Zalewska-ZiobF, Jerzy ArendtDG, Stanislaw PoltorakCD, Boguslaw MaciejewskiDG, Andrzej WiczkowskiDEG

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(10): BR219-225 :: ID: 869410

Abstract

Background
Colorectal cancer, one of the most aggressive cancers, occurs with a high incidence in most countries. The usual treatment is surgery and subsequent chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Cancer development and progression is dictated by series of alterations in genes such as tumor suppressor genes, DNA repair genes, oncogenes and others. In colorectal carcinogenesis disturbances different from mutations called an epigenetic regulation are also taken into consideration. Epigenetics is defined as a modifications of the genome, heritable during cell division, which do not involve a change in the DNA sequence. In our study we analyzed methylation of CpG islands in the MGMT and p16 genes in sporadic colorectal cancers and normal corresponding colonic mucosa.
Material and Method
Fresh tissue samples were obtained from 68 patients (age of 23 to 81 years) with primary colorectal adenocarcinoma and corresponding normal tissues. We used methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) for analysis of the methylation status of MGMT and p16.
Results
Methylation of MGMT and p16 was detected in 59% and 53% of tumors, respectively. In corresponding normal colonic mucosa methylation of MGMT was detected in 20% and p16 in 18%. The normal colon mucosa obtained from younger patients (age of <65 years) showed less methylation frequency as compared with the normal mucosa from the older ones (age of >65 years).
Conclusions
The older age and female gender are generally associated with higher methylation levels for most CpG islands in normal colonic mucosa. These results indicate that MGMT and/or p16 aberrant methylation may play an important role in colorectal cancer.

Keywords: Promoter Regions, Genetic, Intestinal Mucosa - pathology, Genes, p16, Epigenesis, Genetic, DNA Repair Enzymes - metabolism, DNA Modification Methylases - metabolism, DNA Methylation, CpG Islands, young adult, Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism, Colorectal Neoplasms - pathology, Colon - pathology, Aged, 80 and over

0 Comments

Editorial

01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

03 Oct 2022 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Orthodontic Mini-Implant Placement in the Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Region in 15 Patients b...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937949  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750