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27 October 2008

Bone healing in rats submitted to weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing exercises

Carlos Romualdo Rueff-BarrosoABCDEF, Debora MilagresBCD, Juliana do ValleB, Gustavo Casimiro-LopesBCD, Jose Firmino Nogueira-NetoCD, Jose Fernando Cardona ZanierCD, Luis Cristovao PortoADEFG

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(11): BR231-236 :: ID: 869436

Abstract

Background
To investigate the effects of low-intensity exercise on bone healing during a short time.
Material and Method
We made a surgical 1-mm perforation in the upper third medial cortical of the right tibia of 45 male Wistar rats (3 months old; mean weight, 282+/-34 g). Animals were randomly assigned to a swimming exercise group (SWIM, n=15), a running exercise group (RUN, n=15), or a no exercise control group (CON, n=15). Treatment sessions (10 minutes/day, 5 days/week) were done for 7, 14, or 21 days. Tibias were removed for radiographic, morphometric, and stereologic analyses. Blood samples were obtained for biochemical analyses.
Results
Serum phosphorus levels were higher in animals in the RUN group compared with animals in the SWIM group on the seventh day. On the 14th day, the tibias of the animals in the SWIM and RUN groups exhibited higher radiopacity in radiographic grades than animals in the CON group. No difference in collagen morphometry was verified. On the 21st day, serum alkaline phosphatase levels were higher in animals in the CON group than they were in the exercise groups, and animals in the SWIM and CON groups demonstrated an increase in newly formed bone in comparison to animals in the RUN group.
Conclusions
At the 14th day of treatment, weight-bearing exercise, assessed by radiography, was found to be beneficial for bone healing. Results at the 21st day of treatment further supported the benefits of non-weight-bearing exercises, showing that weight-bearing exercise may improve bone repair in rats.

Keywords: Weight-Bearing, Rats, Wistar, Physical Conditioning, Animal, Fracture Healing, Bone and Bones - metabolism, Body Weight

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750