Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 December 2008

Colonization of the respiratory tract by drug-resistant bacteria in HIV-infected children and prior exposure to antimicrobials

Andrea Augustin, Andrea Shahum, Erich Kalavsky, Anna Liskova, Peter Kisac, Vladimir Krcmery

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(12): SC19-22 :: ID: 869461


The aim of this short communication is to assess colonization by MRSA, penicillin-resistant pneumococci (PRP), fluconazole-resistant (FLU-R) Candida albicans (CA) and non-albicans Candida (NAC), and ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli with regard to immune recovery due to CD4 T-cell increase depending on the duration of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Prior exposure to oral cephalosporins (P<0.01) was significantly related to MRSA colonization. Penicillin-resistant pneumococci were more frequently (40% vs. 12.5%, NS) related to prior cephalosporins, but not to penicillins or macrolides use. However, this association was not statistically significant. Prior receiving of fluconazole was also not associated with increased colonization by FLU-R Candida spp. (30% vs. 16.7%, NS). Cotrimoxazole (P<0.01) and amoxicillin/amoxicillin clavulanate (P<0.01) were surprisingly protective against colonization by fluconazole-resistant Candida spp. Exposure to quinolones was not a risk factor for colonization by ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli, but receiving of rifampin was (P<0.01). Colonization by cefotaxime-resistant Klebsiella spp. and Enterobacter spp. was not significantly associated with cephalosporins, but it was with cotrimoxazole use (P<0.05). In addition, HIV-infected children on HAART who received any antibiotic were significantly more colonized by cotrimoxazole-resistant E. coli (P<0.01) than those not receiving any antibiotic prior to colonization. Exposure to cephalosporins and macrolides was significantly related to cotrimoxazole-resistant E. coli (100% vs. 20%, 75% vs. 10%; P<0.01 for both), but exposure to cotrimoxazole itself was not.

Keywords: Mycoses - drug therapy, HIV Infections - microbiology, Child, Drug Resistance, Microbial, Bacterial Infections - drug therapy, Respiratory System - microbiology, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Anti-Infective Agents - therapeutic use

Add Comment 0 Comments

663 9


01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209

In Press

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Root Canal Numbers and Configurations in 1080 Permanent Canine Teeth in 270 Saudi Subjects Using Cone-Beam ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940472  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Internal Orifice Alloy Closure: A New Procedure for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940873  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Needle Aspiration versus Surgical Excision for Symptomatic Synovial Cysts of the Hip: A Si...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940187  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Influence of Insulin Resistance on Diabetes Nephropathy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939482  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750